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CHAPTER VII

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Lockport

In this centennial year, 1930, Three Rivers is especially interested in the platting of two of the villages of 1830, Moab and St. Joseph, which are now within the city limits.

The first settlement in Moab (now third ward, Three Rivers) was made in 1829 by the Richerts. The village was platted July 28, 1830, by Christopher Shinnaman, with Neal McGaffy, justice of the peace, and J. W. Anderson, register of deeds. The village was to have included 138 acres. It was deeded to Shinnaman, May 21, 1830, by Abraham and Molly Richert, of Wayne County, Ohio. Its description, S1/2 of N. W. 1/4 of S. 19, T. 6 S, R. 11, locates it in the Swartz addition.

This modern land of Moab which lies south of the intersection of Constantine street with Broadway, was marked with a boulder and bronze tablet by the Abiel Fellows Chapter, Daughters American Revolution, in 1927.

The quaint old deed transferring the property to Christopher Shinnaman by the Richerts indirectly foreshadows something of the independent spirit of the women of Three Rivers, for "the said Molly Richert" adds a corollary to the deed in which she affirms: "I signed it myself, he didn't make me."

The platting of the village of St. Joseph (now second ward) occurred July 30, 1830. It was platted by George Buck and Jacob McInterfer. The village lots were to be 60 by 140 feet; the streets were Main and Madison, Water, Washington and Market and two streets were named respectively for the wives of the platters, Catherine and Martha. The proprietors made a gift of eight lots to be used for public purposes and they prayed the government to send a court house to glorify the village of St. Joseph. (Enemies claimed it was a Dutch gift with too high a price. Be this as it may, the prayer was not granted by the government.)

Concerning George Buck, the platter, his great grandson, Willard L. Huss has written: "In the spring of 1830, George Buck, his wife Martha and family of seven children, settled on the southern bank of the St. Joseph river, on the present site of the warehouse of the Fairbanks, Morse plant on Fourth Street. They had come from Newgarden, Columbiana county, Ohio, in wagons drawn by oxen, to Mottville. Then, because interested in developing the water power available in the St. Joseph, moved to the present site of Three Rivers.

"George Buck was born in 1792 in Pennsylvania one of six sons of Henry Buck, a soldier in the American Revolution, who had immigrated from England with his Irish wife to New York and moved later to Pennsylvania.

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"George Buck was a soldier in the war of 1812, fighting in the battle of Chippewa, July 5, 1814, and the battle of Lundy's Lane, July 25, 1814. My grandfather, Lewis Buck, told a coincidence of his father's service in the war of 1812. After the battle of Lundy's Lane, George Buck rescued an American soldier who was floating in a stream. The soldier had a sabre wound across his forehead but was still alive. Years later a traveller with a deeply scarred face came to Buck's tavern and proved to be the man whom Mr. Buck had rescued.

"George Buck married Martha Irey, who was born near Harper's Ferry, Virginia, in 1798. She was a first cousin of John Brown, the famous Abolitionist.

"Martha Irey Buck was the granddaughter of Colonel Philip Irey, a colonel in the Hessian troops who fought for King George III of England in the American Revolution. Great grandmother Buck remembered as a young girl her grandfather taking his colonel's uniform from a great chest to show her. After the American Revolution Colonel Irey remained in America. They settled in West Virginia. For his services in the English army he received a grant from the English crown, but never claimed it.

"As a boy of ten years, with his older brother Lewis Buck, he helped to drive the cattle and sheep on the long trail to Michigan.

"George Buck built a two room log house on the present site of Fairbanks, Morse plant at Fourth street for his family and a log tavern, called Buck's Tavern by some -- others called it The Half Way House. It was the only hostelry between White Pigeon and Prairie Ronde. The first Lockport township convention met at Buck's tavern and great grandmother Buck, with the aid of a 17 year old boy, prepared and served dinner for the 73 guests."

In his reminiscences of the old tavern days, Mr. George W. Buck wrote: "There were three camps of Indians near Three Rivers. They would gather, dance all night and in the day time go about their business. We never locked our doors, the latchstring was always out. The Indians would come in, stir up the fire, smoke and when they wished to sleep would roll up in their blankets, say: "White people to bed" and when I awoke in the morning the Indians would be nowhere in sight. They would exchange venison, maple sugar or berries for anything we raised and were especially pleased to receive warm bread."

From the paper by Willard Huss, the story of the pioneer George Buck is continued: "The Indians before entering the tavern would sneak up to the watch dogs which were tied
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outside and bind their mouths tight to save themselves from being bitten. Whenever the Indians came with firearms or other weapons, George Buck would put their guns away for the safety of all concerned. One time when George Buck was away, five Indians entered the tavern and compelled Martha Buck to dance for them to a tune with the words: " Yea, Yea, Yea, Wauee." Martha and her young children were very much frightened, the latter running off to hide, but Martha showed her fortitude and courage by acting as if she were enjoying herself.

"Buck's tavern, like all of the early taverns, sold liquors as well as food and lodging. All food which had to be purchased, as well as the liquor, was brought from Detroit - the long trip there and back required several weeks.

"Buck's ferry, owned by George Buck and sons, was operated from what is now Fourth Street to the third ward side. Fifty cents for a team and large double wagon, twenty-five cents for single rigs and ten cents for foot passengers. The ferry boat was fifty feet long and twenty wide and was towed across by rope and tackle. It was anchored at what is now the end of Buck street near Sheffield shops and connected with the west bank with a road that followed the old Pottawatomie trail, coming out back of the Three Rivers House."

Mr. Buck purchased 800 acres from the government and eventually owned about 1000 acres. On that which is now second ward be, with Jacob McInterfer, platted the village of St. Joseph. "He was one of the principals in the Lockport Canal Construction company which built a dam across the St. Joseph and dug the canals to develop water power. The company failed in the panic of 1837. George Buck salvaged the saw mill he had built on the present site of the wood shop of the Fairbanks, Morse plant. He was appointed the first postmaster of "Bucks" and elected the first Justice of the Peace."

Mr. Buck was interested in the Lockport bank. During the wild financial flurry of 1837, the banks were designated as of two kinds: "wild cat" and "red dog." If the notes were printed directly for a certain destination, having the name and place of the bank in the same colored ink, while the rest of the note was engraved, then the bank was a "wild cat"; but if the notes were left blank, to be filled in, where ever they might be cashed, with a stamp inked in red, then it was denominated a "red dog". Two of the latter banks were established in St. Joseph county - one at White Pigeon, which collapsed under state inspection; and the other bank in Lockport. A
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"wild cat" bank was established, also, at Centerville with Columbia Lancaster as president in 1838.

The Farmer and Mercantile bank of Centerville was a "red dog". T. W. Langley published a warning against selling their notes at a discount and this bank went the way of the rest.

Mr. Buck was noted for a canny business instinct. A story is told of Mr. Buck by B. M. King, concerning an experience in the Lockport bank." Mr. Buck was notified that the bank examiners were on their way to the village. He went to Kalamazoo to borrow gold and silver deposits to be ready for them. He went with a one horse wagon and on returning with the kegs of deposits lost his way and had to remain in the forest over night. He slept in his wagon with the gold for a pillow but reached the bank ahead of the examiners." The Three Rivers bank passed the examination and the next day Mr. Buck returned the borrowed gold to Kalamazoo.

"George and Martha Buck were both Quakers and used the old form of Thee and Thou in their speech. George was a weaver by trade and could weave beautiful birds eye and figured linen of all kinds. They grew, prepared, spun and wove their own flax. Likewise, they spun, wove and made all their own woolen clothes. The women doing the spinning and George the weaving.

"Martha Irey Buck was well educated, very capable and industrious. Her grandchildren said she knew every tree, flower and herb that grew in the fields.

George and Martha had 13 children: Philip, Rachel, Lewis, Elizabeth, Martha, Hannah, George, Mary, Susan, Robert, Thomas and Charles. All reached mature years. Many of their descendents are residents of Three Rivers. They include the Mead, Huss, Robinson, Buck, Burman and other families.

"In later years Mr. Buck built a tavern of sawed lumber. It contained the first open stairway in Three Rivers. The tavern stood on what is now the corner of Fourth and Pleasant streets. Years later, after it long had stood unoccupied, it burned by 'chance' on the occasion of a Fireman's Tournment which was held in Three Rivers to demonstrate a new steam fire engine, that the village contemplated buying. The engine availed little for the old tavern burned to the ground.

"George Buck died in 1854 at the age of 64 years and his wife, Martha, in 1873, at the age of 75".

Concerning the second member in the company of platters of the village of St. Joseph, Jacob McInterfer, his daughter, the late Mrs. Sophia Salsig, is entitled to tell the first settler's story -- a story of the exodus
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to Michigan, by Three Rivers' first family. It was written in 1900 by Mr. M. H. Bumphrey for the "Homecoming". Mrs. Salsig said: "Our family --mother, father and twelve children and three young men whom father brought along to help, came in 1828. Nine other families started with us but stopped along the line. We were three weeks coming from Wooster, Ohio. They had to chop and build corduroy roads through the black swamp. We were the first settlers in Three Rivers and there were no roads and no houses between here and White Pigeon. The Indian trail from Elkhart to Nottawasippi ran close by our house. Father built a block house and from it we could see Indians at almost any time as they passed along the trail. They were friendly because they had a good chief - Sagamon. He died in 1831. There were no mills, we had to go to Monroe for our supplies. I remember at one time we ran out of flour and bread, so we hollowed out a stump, pounded corn, sieved it and made corn bread. Mother baked her bread in a stick oven. When we arrived at the mouth of the Rocky, we stopped on what is now Constantine Street. Father drove under a big oak tree and said: 'Here is our house. It's a green house'. It is now the Felix Guettoff property.

"Father bought a birch canoe of the Indians and took mother across where the Portage empties into the St. Joseph. Father said: "What shall we call this place?" and mother replied: "I have heard nothing but three rivers ever since you entered the land. Call it Three Rivers." Later, with all the dignity of pioneer ceremony, the name was officially bestowed on the land between the rivers. The ceremony took place on top of the high sand bluff which eventually became block on South Main Street.

Mr. McInterfer brought everything necessary to stock the new home, including sheep and cows. We are told that on the road the cows were milked, the milk put in the churn and strapped on the wagon. At night the milk was often found to be already churned. Mrs. Salsig remembered the old French trading post kept by Cassoway and Lewis Gibson, which stood in the immediate vicinity of LaSalle Park, Third ward.

Three Rivers, A Centenarian

The land between the Rocky, Portage and St. Joseph Rivers was granted by the United States Government to the Honorable John H. Bowman, May 26, 1832.

"Be it remembered, that on this 28th day of November, 1836, personally appeared before me, as Justice of the Peace the subscriber, John H. Bowman, personally known to me,
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proprietor of the property designated in the written plat, who acknowledges that he made the map or plat. That he hereby gives the land therein specified for public use and porperty of St. Joseph county, and desires to have the same recorded for the use therein specified.

Attested -- I. W. Coffenberry, Reg. of Deeds.

Cyrus Judson, Justice of Peace"

That which is now first ward was not platted as Three Rivers until 1836, but there was a small settlement here earlier. The rivalry of the two settlements, St. Joseph and Three Rivers, the one south of the St. Joseph river and the other north of the river, involved the platters and settlers in many a lively skirmish. In one instance it involved them in a lawsuit for trespass. It's funny old records are still on file at Centerville, but results of the lawsuit were not humorous for they remained as a root of bitterness long after the cause was forgotten by the followers of Buck, mine host of the Half-Way House, platter of St. Joseph, and John H. Bowman, the first State representative from the county and platter of the rival town.

The Hon. John H. Bowman is locally revered as the platter of the village on the north shore of the St. Joseph river which he called Three Rivers, November 28, 1836. In his own generation, he was noted as a Whig and Methodist. He was born in 1796 at Mt. Bethel, Northampton county, Pennsylvania. In 1817 he married Sophia Freese, who died in 1823. Their children were Wm. F., Jesse, Martha (married Brown) and Sally.

In 1826 he married Ann Millard, who died in 1838. Their children were John Q. , Andrew H. Sarah Ann, and Amelia (Mrs. Hill of Colon).

In 1832 Mr. Bowman received a land grant in St. Joheph county and in 1834 built the "first house of any pretensions" in Three Rivers. In 1833 he built the first grist mill and in 1836 platted Three Rivers, and purchased the Beadle mill, which was built in 1833; and in 1837 began the manufacture of flour under the firm name of Smith and Bowman. In 1838 he began building a flouring mill at Colon and the next year saw it in operation.

He was a major in the Pennsylvania State Militia. In 1837 was elected to Michigan State Legislature on the Whig ticket.

In 1844, Mr. Bowman married Mary Ann Raymond of Three Rivers and had one son, John Raymond Bowman. In 1845 Mr. Bowman sold his interest in Three Rivers and moved to Colon. He died while traveling in the south and is buried in the south.

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During the years one part of the old plat, block 31, has been continuously in the minds of the people. It was used by Mr. Bowman for a cemetery and permission given for other families to use it for burial purposes.

The authentic history of the old Bowman cemetery, now the John H. Bowman Memorial Park, begins with May 26, 1832 when the United States government granted to John H. Bowman an estate, part of which, on November 28, 1836, he platted as Three Rivers. Of this plat, Block 31 was bounded by Seventh, Eighth and Main streets. Its earliest deed transfers it to David Comstock of New York City in 1836, and in 1837 Comstock redeeded to Mr. Bowman. That it was used as a cemetery as early as 1839 is proven by the descriptions of adjacent property, which refers to it as a grave yard. Old residents claim there remain at least one hundred who were buried in the cemetery, but there is a record of only the following : Mrs. Christian Bowman Winn, a daughter of a soldier of the American Revolution, for whom the D.A.R. placed a grass marker; Lewellyn and Luella Cowling, children of John Cowling; Charles Cross, son of Charles and Sarah Cross, who died about 1854 and is buried on the west side; some of the Fausts and the Grahams; Martha Jessup; Mrs. Martha Wetherbee King, born in 1807 and died in 1846; Polly Moore; T. H. Oliver, soldier of 1812; Mrs. Pauline Pulver, died about 1855; Wm. Riegel, buried near the north-east line; Peter Wildenson, buried in northeast corner. The Riverside Cemetery Associaton have on record the names of those who were removed from the Bowman cemetery to Riverside in the early sixties.

The Abiel Fellows Chapter, Daughter of the American Revolution, placed a sun dial in the cemetery in honor of "A civic benefactor, John H. Bowman, and the pioneer dead who for years have rested in the old burying ground 'unwept, unhonored and unsung'." The sun dial was presented by the Chapter Regent, Dr. Blanche M. Haines, and accepted for the city by Mayor Cole, May 15, 1915.

A letter from Dr. J. J. Brown, grandson and one of the John H. Bowman heirs, assured the D.A.R. that as long as the property technically remained a cemetery it was the property of the City of Three Rivers; should it be vacated by act if legislature, it would revert to the Bowman heirs. In the name of the Bowman heirs, Dr. Brown endorsed the action of the city in making use of the cemetery as a memorial park and asked that in return that the city erect a suitable monument to John H. Bowman.

In her address during the ceremonies of the day of dedication, the chapter historian pleaded that a suitable marker be
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erected in honor of the life of John H. Bowman, and said in part: "To be surrounded by the memorials of men who 'gladly live', 'who lay them down with a will', is to have continuously present a reminder of the unbroken life of the race, its unity, its far reaching brotherhood.

"It is a school boy's right to read the story of a nation's history --its courage in war, its activities in peace; They should be brought to his consciousness by memorials that stand for all that is fine and is truly great. It is his right to learn the sequence, the relationship of the present and the past, to have as a spur to good deeds and self respect that which comes to an individual who consciously bears a good name, who knows the part the people of his community have played in the development of the nation.

"It is every child's right to have such patriotic training that as an American citizen he will give - gladly give - respect when and where respect is due".

Three Rivers School Library

To Three Rivers the old "minute" book of the first public school is a precious legacy. In 1882 it was in the possession of the Prutzman family. It is hoped that eventually it may be returned to the public archives. The following discription and excerpts were published by G. A. B. Cooke in the Tribune of June, 1882:

"The book consists of sixteen sheets of heavy ruled foolscap, stitched with strong twine and only seven pages utilized." The first entry reads:

Record of School district No. 1, in Buck's township, St. Joseph County, State of Michigan. Said school district No. 1 includes sections 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, and so much of 10, 17 and 18 as lies north of St. Joseph river and east of Rocky river and bounded west by Portage river.

The first meeting of the Board of Education was held July 1, 1837, of which the following proceedings are recorded:

At the organization of school district No. 1 Present: Burrows Moore, Philip Hoffman, John Smith, Stephen Moore, Abram Bokoyan, Abram Prutzman, Thomas Millard, Joseph Millard and Joseph Sterling - Philip Hoffman chosen moderator. He took his seat and chose Joseph Sterling director and Thomas Millard assessor. Motion was made by John Smith to raise $100.00 to build a school house and it carried unanimously.

On July 15th, the board resolved: "To purchase a site for the schoolhouse on the northwest corner of John Bowman's lot adjoining the "cemetery", also that the school be 24X30 and at a height of 10 feet. Said house to be completed the
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1st day of December 1837." At this meeting occurs a new name on the minutes that of C. Erway.

A "yearly meeting" was inaugurated on October 21, 1837 at which "John Bowman was elected moderator; Joseph Sterling director and Thomas Millard assessor. They were voted one dollar per day for time spent in pursuing their duries. They further voted that "if any one could be found at a resonable price to work, that the studding in the school building should be laid in mortar".

A list of the children between the ages of five and seventeen who would attend the school is given as: Pauline, Zeraiah, Leonard and Almire Osgood; William and Sterling Bristol; John W. George; Christian P. and Susan Hoffman; Roxy Jane, Emmet and Samanthy Erway; George and Levi Bristol; Noe and Hiram Everts; Susannah, Richard, Charity and Benjamin Wetherby; Oliver, Joseph, James and Sarah Wetherby; Juliann, Jefferson, Horace, Amanda, Elizabeth and Geroge Salsig; Daniel P., and John C. Anderson; Ambrose, Edward and Robert Moore, Philip Smith; Ginnett Parker; Amanda Detterick; Amelia and Joseph Bowman; forty six in all.

In October of 1838, it was "voted to have four months school by a qualified teacher and to raise $50 in addition to its apportionment for the school teacher's support."

New names for the second year were: Orval and Allmon Fellows; Timothy Wilson; Mariah Snow; Eliza Ann, Hiram, Chancy and Benjamin Farley; Josiah Farley; Arastice and Suffrona Strong; Sarah Glass.

It was not until 1840 that the school board voted to move the school to block four, lot one on East street. In the same year the question was reconsidered and the schoolhouse was "set" in the public square.

Another record in the minute book is most interesting in the eyes of library folk: "At a town meeting October 1, 1837, with H. Bristol assessor, it was voted that five dollars be raised to purchase books for a library, and that the district school board be authorized to select and purchase said books. That the said district raise a sum sufficient to purchase a suitable case. That said library he kept in the school house and that John H. Bowman be librarian.

In 1839 with Dr. E. A. Egery as moderator, Emmor Millard, director and A. C. Prutzman assessor, another $5.00 was voted for books, with A. C. Prutzman, librarian, he having the privilege of keeping the "Library" at his home. On turning to the itemized financial statement, we find "said suitable library case" listed at six dollars.

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At list of books in the old minute book may be the text books recommended for study by the school board, but it is also doubtless, the list purchased for the first library and so carefully preserved in "said suitable case": Webster's dictionary, Cobb's dictionary, Walker's dictionary, Kirkham's grammar, Murry's grammar, Cobb's spelling book, Parley's georgraphy, Onlies georgraphy, Dabold's arithmetic, Pike's arithmetic, Bennett's arithmetic, Colburn's arithmetic. The National reader, The English reader, Young's reader.

Though there is space for the names of only a few of the earliest pioneers, at least those should be recorded of the little coterie who organized the First Presbyterian Church and gave a cultural impetus to the Three Rivers settlement: Hon. E. S. Moore, the Prutzmans, the Kelseys, the Millards, the Rev. Ogden and their associates to whom special tribute is paid in a later chapter.

1850

To genealogists, at least, the most important event of the "fifties" is the census record taken in 1850.

Heads of Families, Lockport Township,
St. Joseph Co., Michigan
Census of 1850---Vol. 9

                       Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

 1      Chas. Boyer/36/Penn./777
         Sarah/30/Penn.
 2      Calvin H. Starr/38/New York
         Harriet/28/New York
 3      Harry Cady/40/New York
         Susan/40/Conn.
 4      Ebenezer White/34/Penn.
         Elizabeth/31/Penn.
 5      Samuel Cronmiller/36/Penn.
 6      George Stone/44/ England
         Mary Jane/37/New York
         Pliney S. Bradbury/23/Ohio
 7      Robert Alexander/43/Ireland
         Christiana/44/New York
         Jennett Stuart/73/Scotland
 8      Silas D. Ricardson/33/New Hampshire
         Lura M./25/Vermon
 9      Lucy Dexter/59/Conn./778
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                        Name/Age/Place of Birth/ Page

10   Samuel W. Platt/40/Ohio/778                        
       Eliza/38/Ohio
11   Elias W. Talbott/29/Mass.
       Amanda/19/New York
       John H. Clewes/23/Virginia
       Andrew Deveran/26/ Ireland
12   Lenuel S. Hart/32/New York
       Elizabeth Hart/27/New York
       Levi Culver/33/Conn.
13   Henry W. Thompson/45/Penn.
       Mahala F./36/New York
14   Marmaduke Southwick/50/Mass.
15   Othmie Tripp/47/Maine
       Anna E./41/ New Brunswick
       Jesse Kemp/26/New York
       L. Jane/22/New Brunswick
16   Ezekiiae B. Turner/25/Vermont
       Helen E./20/New York
17   Charles Dodge/50/New York
       Nancy/51/New York
       Cornelia Vantafflin/21/New York
18   Alexander Stewart/37/New York
       Maria/30/New York
       David Knapp/20/New York
19   Chas. P. Jacobs/54/Michigan
       Eliza P./44/New York
20   Richmond E. Case/22/New York
       Laura A./24/New York
       Maria Hewings/60/New Hampshire
21   Jane Reed/36/Ohio
22   Washington Weld/35/New Jersey
       Maria/34/New York
23   James M. Gilkinson/62/New York
       Nancy/57/Kentucky
24   Myers Vincent/45/Virginia
       Margaret/36/New York
25   Joseph Gray/25/New York
       Rosinia/22/Penn.
26  Timothy E. Fletcher/43/ Vermont
       Emma/42/Mass.
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                       Name/ Age/ Place of Birth/ Page


27    William H. Veeder/47/New York
        Catherine/45/New York
28    Thomas R. Shaffer/35/New York
        Mary/23/Penn.
29   George E. Guersney/30/England
       Angeline/28/New York
30   J. Eastman Johnson/44/New York
       Charity/39/New Hampshire
31   William Dermott/47/Conn.
        Sarah/46/New York
        Robert Parker/23/New York
        Eli Hale/26/Michigan
32    Henry Garns/35/New York
        Dinah/32/(unknown)
33    Jefferson Hill/45/(unknown)
        Emily/39/Mass.                                     781
34    Luther Ellis/43/New York
        Mary Anne/27/Vermont
35    Daniel Carr/42/ New York
36    Samuel Hale/31/New York             
        Laura/30/New York
37    Edmund C. White/38/New York
        Alvina/40/New York
38    Harriet Gepler(Kepler?)/29/Conn.
39    Abram Amuson/31/New York
        Mary/29/Penn.
40    Peter Ruttedge/40/Penn.
        Jane/37/Ireland
41    John Smith/26/Ireland
        Sally/27/New York/781
42    Albion B. Smith/19/New York
43    John McKie/58/New York/782
        Jane/56/New York
44    William Granger/43/New York
         Frances/34/England
45     William Duncan/52/England
         Sarah/52/England
46     Peter Pugh/40/England
         Mary/47/England
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47     Sarah Westcott/40/England
48     Solomon Cummings/64/England
         Elizabeth/67/Mass.
49     George Hardy/40/New York
         Francis/36/England
50     Harrison Benson/26/Vermont
         Rachael/26/New York/783
         David Thimmel/29/New York
51     John F. Arney/34/New York
52     Benjamin Noe/60/Vermont
         Elizabeth/35/New Jersey
53     John Arney/64/Ohio
         Ruth/36/England
54     Jacob Feegles/23/New Hampshire
         Martha/23/Ohio
55     Elias Sands/38/Ohio
         Mercy/26/New York
56     Samuel Buck/45/Penn.
         Sarah J./29/Ohio
57     Alson Richards/50/Conn.
         Elsy/40/Conn.
58     George Buck/58/Penn./783
         Martha/52/Virginia
59     Varney Jones/28/Ohio/784
         Charlotte/18/New York
60     Miles Jones/35/New York
         Jannette/27/New York
61     John C. Jackson/39/England
         Alta/35/New York
62     Charles B. Fitch/66/Conn.
         Harriet/67/Conn.
63     Samuel A. Fitch/39/Ohio
         Catherine/35/Penn.
64     Thomas H. Fitch/45/Conn.
         Aurelia/33/Vermont
65     William Donance/23/New York
         William Blue/22/Ohio
         John Berry/19/Ohio
         Richard Wetherbee/21/Ohio
         Woodward Niles/19/New York
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                      Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

66    Elijah Williamson/35/Penn.
        Mahala/35/New York
67    Jacob Williamson/40/Penn.
        Loisa/35/New York
68    James Crawford/26/Ohio
69    Frederick Daniels/29/New York
        Caroline/22/New York
        William Pearson/22/Indiana
        William Anton/24/New York
70    Joy H. Chapin/40/New York
        Mary/41/Mass.
        Wm. W. Jones/24/New York
        Joseph C. Johnson/19/New York
71    James B. Little/28/New York
        Eunice C./19/Ohio
72    Sanford Freeland/26/New York
        Susan/20/New Jersey
73    John K. Wooley/38/New Jersey/785
        Fanny M./33/New Jersey/785
74    Robert Drake/31/Penn.
        Elizabeth/27/New Jersey
75     Cornelius Ennis/52/New Jersey/786
        Ann/52/New Jersey
76    Josiah Woolf/31/Penn.
        Mary Ann/29/New York
77    Christopher Austin/38/New York
        Sophrona/35/New York
78    Daniel H. Johnson/39/Maine
        Magdola/33/New York
79    Dwight Stebbins/34/New York
        Rosina/35/New York
80    Daniel F. Wolf/28/Penn.
        Minerva/19/New York
81    John Wolf/56/Penn.
        Barbara/60/Penn.
82    George Tanney/37/New York
        Catherine/34/New York
         Horace Knapp/23/Vermont
83     Lewis Miller/46/Vermont/787
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                       Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

83     Mary Ann/34/Penn.
         Cuyler Stebbins/28/New York
         Benjamin F. Stokes/24/Penn.
84     William Fulkerson/27/Ohio
          Charity/27/Penn.
85     Lewis White/49/New York
         Elizabeth/40/Penn.
86     David H. Anton/32/New York
         Maria E./21/New York
87     James Crague/54/Ireland
         Fanny/40/Penn.
88     George Spencer/44/New York/787
         Atalanta/42/New York
89    John Baum/39/Penn./788
        Lydia Jane/28/New York
90    William Rider/46/New York
         Rachael/44/New York
91     George Spencer/28/New York
         Keziah/23/New York
        Sally Sands/52/Vermont
92    Levi G. Smith/39/New York
        Hearty/35/New York
93    Jermiah H. Gardiner/32/New York
        Ann/26/New York
94    William Armitage/59/England
        Bathseba/53/England
95    Charles H. Thomes/45/Switzerland
        Charlotte Adolphine/31/Switzerland
        Frederick Thiebaud/17/Switzerland
96    James F. Thomes/38/Switzerland/789
        Eleanor/25/New York
97    Lewis F. Thomes/44/Switzerland
        Sarah/43/Penn.
        Charles F. Thomes/69/Switzerland
        Julia/73/Switzerland
98    William Hutchinson/45/Penn.
99    Henry Caul/40/Penn.
        Caroline/40/Penn.
100  Thomas B. Millard/38/Penn.
ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

PAGE 68

                         Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

100    Mary Loisa/29/Penn.
101    Erastus Thompson/29/New York
          Susan/20/New York
102    Solomon Cummings/28/New York/790
          Nancy/25/New York
103    Daniel Stewart/39/New York
          Mary/37/New York
104    Samuel Westcott/68/New York/790
          Sally/58/New York
105    William H. McClerg/30/Penn.
          Fanny/29/Penn.
106    Daniel Francisco/32/New York
          Deborah Anne/21/New York
107    John Clubine/54/New York
          Mary/43/Penn.
108    Barber Gray/38/New York
          Sarah/31/New York
109    Joseph B. Millard/35/Penn./791
          Jane/35/Penn.
110    Henry Hicks/25/New York
          Jennett/19/New York
111    Jefferson Salsig/25/Penn.
          Ruth Ann/21/New York
112    William McKey/48/Penn.
           Safina/37/Penn.
113     Orin Hicks/33/New York
           Sophia/35/New York
114     Bruden Hicks/62/Rhode Island
           Betsey/45/New York
115     Silas Spaulding/57/Vermont
           Eunice/49/Penn.
116     Jacob Myers/48/Penn./792
           Anna Maria/17/Penn.
           Susan Millard/30/Penn.
117      Elisha Millard/35/Penn.
            Julia Ann/30/Penn.
118      Myron Luce/29/New York
             Nancy/23/New York
119       Edward S. Moore/45/New Jersey/792
SETTLEMENTS

PAGE 69

                         Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

119      Mary P./45/Penn.
            Marie Kepler/
120      James Clubine/31/Penn.
            Fanny/27/Penn.
121      Isaac Miller/41/Penn.
            Jane/34/Penn.
122      Sterling F. Harding/30/Penn./793
            Abigail/22/New York
123      Leonard V. Rich/30/New York
            Anna/26/Mass.
124      James E. Kelsey/34/New York
            Maria Louisa/27/Conn.
125      Stephen Kelsey/27/New York
            Maria P./25/Penn.
126      Robert Crosette/26/New York
            Clara A./24/Penn.
127      Joseph Hiles/36/Penn.
            Elizabeth/35/Penn.
128      Edward Egrey/40/Vermont
            Amelia/24/New York
            Orange Haywood/66/Vermont
129      Lewis Quaco/36/Penn.
            Mary A./34/Penn.
130      David S. Hale/32/New York
            Mary Ann/25/Penn.
131      Jacob Rumsey/24/New York
            Sarah Ann/25/New York
132      Lewis Salsig/28/Penn.
            Sophia/25/Penn.
133      Stephen Hile/33/Penn./794
            Rachael/32/Penn.
134      Reuben Fairman/56/Mass.
            Phebe Ann/41/New York
135      James S. Richards/27/Penn./794
            Maria/19/Penn.
136      Philip Lantz/40/Penn.
            Esther/46/Penn.
137      Thomas Twedia/31/Ireland
             Sarah Jane/30/New York
ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

PAGE 70

                                 Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

138     Peter Shrom/35/Penn.
           Martha/32/Penn.
139     Henry L. Spencer/32/New York
           Rebecca/32/New York
140     Henry Blaumen/40/Penn.
           Elizabeth/39/Penn.
141     Hugh Morton/26/Scotland
           Catherine/26/Scotland
142     William Brokaw/26/Penn.
           Jane/21/Penn.
143     John Young/40/Penn./795
           Harriet/33/New York
           John Holton/25/New York
144     Henry Jewell/31/New York
           Eveline/28/Ohio
145     Samuel Graham/36/Penn.
           Rebecca/36/Penn.
146     Thomas T. Laird/50/Penn.
            Ann C./46/New York
            Alex McNair/30/New York
            Elizabeth McNair/76/New York
            John Houts/19/New York
147      W. D. Pettit/36/New York
             C. M./33/New York
148       Stephen P. Choate/42/Vermont
             Susan Ann/23/New York
149       Samuel M. Bear/32/New York/795
              Eleanora/25/New York
150        Francis Rumsey/25/New York/796
              Julia Ann/23/Penn.
              Luther Flood/21/Canada
151        Albert H. Irway/37/New York
              Abigail Jane/32/Penn.
152        George Troy/25/Penn.
              Matilda/22/England
153        George W. Milton/25/New York
               Elizabeth/ 21/New York
               Bowman Hoffman/19/Penn.
               Sylvester Troy/21/Penn.
SETTLEMENTS

PAGE 71

                     Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

154        John H. Bowman/54/Penn.
              Amelia R./18/Penn.
155        George Gillispie/28/Penn.
              Sarah/27/Penn.
156        John B. Ogden/28/New Jersey
              Charity G./27/New Jersey
157        Isaiah Reed/54/New Jersey
              Sarah E./52/Penn.
              William Vemhom/25/New York
               E. B. Hale/26/New York
               Joseph E. Bowman/16/Penn.
158        Charles A. Klady/25/New York
              Mary/20/New York
159        Armitage G. Moore/23/Penn./797
              Amanda F./24/Penn.
160        Abram C. Prutzman/36/Penn.
              Mary L./33/Penn.
161        Sarah Hamilton/33/Ohio
162        John W. Fry/45/New York
              Margaret/37/New York
163        Philip H. Hoffman/50/Penn.
              Catherine/49/Penn.
164        Philip Jones/50/New York
              Almira B./47/New York
165        E. Wellington/26/New York
              Maria/24/New York
166        George H. Irway/31/New York/798
              Mariett/17/New York
167        Hiram Gaskins/26/Penn.
              Lorana/26/Penn.
              John Gaskins/70/Penn.
168        William H. Smith/36/Penn.
               Margaret Ann/17/New York
169         Daniel Arney/30/Penn.
               Beulah/23/New York
170         Asaph Spencer/61/Conn.
               Betsy/51/Vermont
171         Herman H. Cole/31/New York
               Emeline/30/New York
  
                          ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN                                                              

PAGE 72

                       Name/Age/ Place of Birth/Page


172       Ezra Cole/50/New York
             Elizabeth/50/New York
173       Norman A. Cole/29/New York
             Jane/28/New York
174       Peter H. Culver/39/New York
             Margaret/27/New York
175       Samuel Conn/40/New York
             Orsafilla/35/New York
176        Z. B. Ruggles/31/Penn.
              Mary/29/Penn.
177        Warren Collins/43/New York/798
              Lucy L./35/New York
              Moses Clarke/35/New York/799
178        Oliver Bates/23/New York
              Lorna/24/New York
179        Maliel Dinger/27/Penn.
              Fissa/30/Penn.
180        Joseph Sterling/46/New York
              Esther/44/Vermont
181        Nelson Creveling/33/Penn.
              Phebe/33/Penn.
182        Henry Snyder/44/Penn.
              Lydia/44/Penn.
183        John McMurtrie/20/Penn.
184        Roswell Wing/35/New York
              Caroline/35/Penn.
185        Lewis McMurtrie/27/Penn./800
              Rebecca/26/Penn.
186        Bathrick Stower/41/New York
              Marcia K./42/New York
187        Charles McNair/42/Penn.
188        Abner Fordham/43/Vermont
              Abigail/39/Maryland
189        John B. Devine/28/Penn.
              Caroline/28/Penn.
190        Benjamin Ogden/52/New Jersey
              Emily/50/New Jersey
191        Gilbert D. Taylor/51/New Jersey

      

                                 SETTLEMENTS                                                                                              
PAGE 73

                       Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page


191       Lydia/49/New Jersey
            Elisha Canfield/23/New Jersey
192      Joseph Stout/35/Penn.
            Susanna/44/Penn.
193      Samuel Willard/ 65/Penn./801
            Frances/53/New Hampshire
194      Samuel Weaver/33/Penn.
            Elizabeth/26/Penn.
195      William H. Mather/28/Conn.
             Clarrissa/26/New York
             Betsy Mather/50/New York
196       Alfred B. Moore/29/Penn.
             Nancy/31/Penn.
197       Samuel Barnhart/38/New Jersey
             Sarah/35/Penn.
198       Amos King/31/Canada
             Elizabeth/30/Canada
199       John M. Leland/43/Penn.
             Sarah/38/Penn.
200       John M. Dougherty/23/New York
             Lydia/23/Penn.
201       Joseph Woolf/22/Penn.
             Laura/18/New York
202       Jonas Fisher/45/Penn./802
             Mary/37/Penn.
203       Leonard Fisher/42/Penn.
             Sarah/39/Penn.
             Valentine Sugar/25/Penn.
204       Jacob T. Cline/54/New Jersey
             Elizabeth/51/New Jersey
205       George Evart/50/Penn.
             Elizabeth/42/Penn.
206       Samuel Fisher/40/Penn.
207       Polly Budman/50/Penn./802
208       Andrew Good/52/Penn.
             Elizabeth/43/Penn.
209       George Leland/81/Penn./803
             Lydia/70/Penn.
             Hannah Gifford/41/Penn.


                            ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN                                                              PAGE 74

                         Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page


210       Daniel Antis/56/Penn.
             Mary/45/Penn.
211       Miles Randall/35/Vermont
             Harriet A./24/New York
212       Thomas Youngs/38/New York
             Emma/58/Mass.
213       Somner Rawson/26/New York
             Marilla/18/New York
214       Norman Rawson/56/New York
             Elizabeth/56/New York
215       Isaac Major/55/New York
             Sarah/50/New York
216       William Gilchrist/57/New York/804
             Mary/41/New York
217       William Major/54/New York
             Margaret S./47/New York
218       Eleanor Pugh/35/New York
The foregoing is copied from a certified copy made by Lolita Connely for the Three Rivers Public Library in 1929.

The names of children, born before 1850, belongs to these families may be obtained from the Three Rivers Library, or by writing to the Census Bureau, Washington. In writing for the information state volume and page.

In every instance, the "age" given in the census of 1850 should be checked by other records before accepting it as authentic.

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