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CHAPTER VIII

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FABIUS AND OTHER TOWNSHIPS

PAGE 75

Fabius, the township of beautiful lakes and wooded hills, was originally a part of White Pigeon township. The Legislative Council, in 1832 - 1833, divided White Pigeon and named one part for George Buck. Buck's township included both Fabius and Lockport. It was organized at the home of Hiram Harwood, of Johnny-cake prairie. The first three Justices of the Peace who were appointed by the Territorial Governor were: Hiram Harwood, Jacob W. Coffenberry and George Buck. Charles Rice was chosen moderator for the school board.

In 1840, the township of Bucks was subdivided - one portion became Lockport and the name of the other portion, in 1841, was changed to Fabius. The first 'town meeting' in Fabius was held at the home of Alfred Poe.

Among the first to settle in Fabius was Garret Sickles, who came in 1830, followed by the Hardwoods, Harverys, by Wm. F. Arnold in 1832, by the Deacon William Churchills, Morrisons, Burretts, Hartmans, Kings, Anables.

When the Knevels family settled in Fabius, the forests were dense and the cattle often strayed far from home. The settlers knew the different tones of the bells which were worn around the necks of the cows and so were able each to trace his own cattle. One night one of the Knevels boys tramped for miles before he finally found old Bess on the shore of Long Lake. On his return, as he neared a particularly dark place, he remembered the story of the Beadly boy who, on similar errand, approached a thicket and found instead it was a bear. Beadle shot instantly into the open mouth of the snarling animal and the dead bear with the boy fell together. Young Beadle remained perfectly quiet until the little cubs, which he had seen, came timidly back to their dead mother. Young Beadle captured them and raised them as pets. But the story did not calm the nervous little Knevels as he rode the cow past the fear inspiring thicket.

Joshua Corry settled on land bordering the beautiful lake which bears his name. It was Joshua Corry who first encountered Hezekiah Thomas, the Spiritualist, and assisted the Thomas family to establish themselves on the "inherited land". For the story of Hezekiah Thomas, we are indebted to Geroge Knevels, who came to Fabius as a boy of twelve years with his parents, the Grandville Knevels. Mr. Knevels says of Hezekuah - "He was a tall, thin man, dressed in a much worn black dress suit, on his head a very high silk hat, much too large for him, which he kept in place by a deep dent in the crown of the hat. Hezekiah explained to Mr. Corry that
ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

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he had inherited the property which later became the Knevels estate. He was a spiritualist and soon had following. His controls, however, did not suggest work as a means of support and the family became so destitute that the wife and children had to return to the east. Hezekiah's controls told him to collect pebbles which they promised would turn into gold. The old plank house, where he had lived, contained many bushels of pebbles when the Knevels family purchased the land. The spirits, also, counseled Hezekiah to remove all of his clothing, arm himself with gun and dirk and sit in a boat on the lake to watch for a huge fish which they told him would be filled with diamonds. For weeks he obeyed "the voices," much to the indignation of the Protestant neighborhood. Because of their protests, he resumed the wearing of his silk hat and rusty black and in the early winter wandered off into the forest. Later, some of his followers made anxious by his continued absence searched for him and found him near a lumber camp, sitting on a log, frozen to death.

A few years ago a cumulative interest in the hermit of Fabius resulted in stories of marvelous treasure buried on the point of Corey lake and of haunted cabins on its shores. Insolent old chief Shavehead and the gallant chief Sagamon have been forgotten while good, sturdy, old settlers, through the alchemy of imagination, and lack of published records, have been turned into Indian chieftain. The farm, which Hezekiah Thomas claimed as an inheritance was really occupied by him as a "squatter." He had no title. After Thomas, it became the Knevels homestead and is now owned by Camp Eberhart and by the St. Joseph County Y.M.C.A.

F. H. Cheley, an entertaining story writer for boys, author of "Three Rivers Kids", doubtless had Hezekiah in mind as he told of Hesikia Thompson's treasure chest and its discovery by the Y boys when raising a flag staff at Camp Eberhart. "Just above the water line it lay. Its rusty appearance made it seem beyond a doubt to belong to a forgotten past.

"Three dead men on a dead man's chest. Yo-ho, and a bottle of rum!" shouted Durbin; but it is doubtful if the others heard him, they were so excited.

"Time had worked cruelly with the old chest, Rust had eaten and weakened it, yet the strong steel plates were still amply able to hold their secret.

"Was it gold? "The box was turned downward on the sand.

"Bags! Musty, sour, rotting. And guns! And daggers and hair and books!

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"Carefully the 'Chief' took hold of the largest bag to lift it from the chest. As he did so the bottom gave way, scattering the contents. Silence followed. The 'Chief' stood, as if paralyzed, holding the empty remnants of the bag, for where they expected to see gold, there were hundreds upon hundreds of pebbles.

"Hesikia Thomson! Hesikia Thomson! The treasure chest of Hesikia, the crazy hermit!......

"The line of boys passed by the treasure chest, each receiving something to carry to the lodge....

"The 'Chief' took the packet of pagers.....old deeds, checks and the map of the lake -- in the lower corner of the map was written: 'Cedar chest with body. Key in lonesome oak'. Then there was, also, the old hermit's letter'! Could boys anywhere ever have had a more perfect thrill?

Old Fabius township, once the hunting ground of Sagamon and his band of Indian warriors, the scene of depredations from grizzly old Shavehead's bands, has folk stories that thrill, but no less thrilling are its true stories of loyalty and patriotism. A stirring one of patriotic service is exemplified by the Hoisington family -- a father and six members of his family, who at the first call for volunteers, enlisted for service: Abishia, the father, as a drummer, assisted in raising troops and served as drum-major in Company G, 11th Michigan throughtout the war. His sons, Lucian J. in Company C, 6th regiment; William W. in Company E of the 11th Michigan, who died at Nashville; Captain Norman, in Company G, 13th Michigan Infantry and in company with many other Fabius men marched with Sherman to the sea; John M. served in Company C, 1st Michigan engineers. The sons-in-law, Benjamin Wells and H. C. Lambert, also served. The spirit of these Fabius men instilled in the hearts of their descendents is perhaps most brilliantly illustrated by the life and service of Colonel Perry M. Hoisington who has won military honors in an adopted western state.

                                         
                   Census of 1850, St. Joseph County, Michigan
                       Fabius Township, Vol. 9, pp 483-494

                         Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

1      Sylvester Adams/24/Ohio/483
        Jane/20/New York
2      Elias Shull/28/Penn.
        Caroline M./26/Penn.
3      Aaron Shull/34/Penn.
        Mary/34/Penn.
        Philip Houts/50/Penn.


                            ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN
PAGE 78

                         Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page


4      Joel Spaulding/27/New York
        Anna/28/New York
5      Garret Sickles/49/New York
        Elizabeth F./28/Ohio
6      Solomon Hartman/40/Penn.
        Emma/31/Ohio
        Catherine Jolley/60/New York
7      Sylvester Spaulding/25/New York
        Angeline/21/Michigan
8      Richard Fulcher/54/England
        Esther Jennette/22/New York
        Esther Bridgeman/64/Conn.
        Julia Ann Merville/20/New York
        Joseph Wetherbee/23/New York
9      John Blodget/29/New York
        Mary/23/New York
10    James L. Graham/43/New York/484
        Elizabeth/45/New York
11    Lewis Munson/44/Conn.
        Polly/42/New York
12    Stephen A. Rice/44/New York
        Lucy J./36/New York
13    Juluis Erwin/27/New York
        Nancy Ann/15/Michigan
        Polly Barnum/43/New York
        Eleazer Covey/18/New York
14    Ami H. Palmer/32/New York
        Eliza/24/New York
15    Benjamin Haddiman/57/New York
        Phebe Lodema/12/New York
16    Alva Gleason/32/New York
        Laura/27/New York
17    Benjamin N. King/43/New York/485
        Eliza/36/New York
18    Christopher Hammond/49/England/485
        Laura/46/Vermont
19    Abram Moyer/51/New York
        Sarah/50/New York
        Henry Polly/22/New York


                                  SETTLEMENTS

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                           Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

20     Alfred Poe/47/Ohio
         Elizabeth/20/Ohio
        Stephen Allcote/20/Ohio
21    John A. Slote/37/Penn.
        Nancy/27/New York
22    David Slote/27/Penn.
        Sarah/26/Penn.
        Angeline Covell/27/New York
23    George Covell/27/New York
24    Charles Poe/30/Ohio
        Gassey (Cassie?)/23/Ohio
        Luther Flood/22/Canada
25    Andrew J. Wilkinson/28/New York/486
        Phebe E./20/New York
        David D. Wilkinson/26/New York
26    John Hamilton/48/Ohio
        Catherine/36/Ohio
27     Robert Ady/35/Ohio
         Sophia/25/Ohio
28     Charles Casemant/42/Isle of Man
         Ann/40/Isle of Man
29     Alexander Millard/34/New York
         Sarah Jane/24/New York
30     William Brown/23/New York
         Everetta/20/New York
         Sally/55/New Hampshire
         Spencer/21/New York
         Phineas/64/New Hampshire
31     Washington Bole/27/Penn.
         Samuel Babcock/22/Ohio
         Elizabeth/22/Ohio
32     Elizabeth Wetherwase/60/New York
33     Esther E. Young/24/New York
         Lafayette Young/25/New York
         James Young/53/New York
         Mary/53/New York
         Theodore/22/New York
34      George Evans/27/England
          Livonia/27/New York



                              ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN


PAGE 80 

                           Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

35       Clark Seely/28/New York/487
           Dolly Ann/21/Michigan
           Gresham/60/New York
36       Stephen J. Seeley/30/New York
           Laura T. /24/New York
          William/23/New York
37       Edwin Corwin/50/New York
           Clarissa/65/New York
38       Jesse Seeley/25/New York
           Elizabeth/23/Ohio
39       Piana Bole/56/Penn.
           Clarissa/18/Ohio
40       Chapin Legg/44/New York
           Ann/37/New York
41       Jesse Ferguson/40/New York
           Laura/34/New York
42       Samuel Newel/50/Ohio
           Polly/27/Ohio
           Cassia/25/Ohio
           Elizabeth/23/Ohio
           Margaret/21/Ohio
           Robert/28/Ohio/488
43       James C. Bole/29/Ohio
           Mary/26/Ohio
44       Richard Jaqua/29/New York
           Lydia/29/New York
45       John Jaqua/59/New York
           Maria/46/New York
46       William Morrison/49/New York
           Sarah/47/New York
47       Lewis K. Brody/36/Ohio
           Rebecca/35/Ohio
48       John Burrow/31/New York
           Ann M./29/New York
49       Adna Churchill/45/New York
           Sally A. R. /44/Penn.
50       William Cochrane/28/New York/489
            Phebe P. /18/New York


                                  SETTLEMENTS

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                          Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

51        Randall Churchill/40/New York
            Catherine J./39/Penn.
            William/78/Conn.
52        Solomon Mann/26/Penn.
            Margaret/24/Penn.
53        Joel Lutes/23/New York/489
            Huldah/19/New York
54        William H. Fullerton/27/New York
            Hannah/66/New York
55        Abisha Hoisington/46/Vermont
            Nancy/43/New Hampshire
56        Ira R. Fuller/22/New York
            Anna E. /29/New York
57       Benjamin Hass/40/Penn.
           Ruth Ann/51/Penn.
58       William Houtz/48/Penn./490
            Mary/42/Penn.
59        Huldah Money/33/Penn.
60        James D. Thompson/38/Penn.
            Eliza S. /38/Penn.
61      Henry Hiles/46/Penn.
          Elizabeth/40/Penn.
62      Josiah Farrar/46/New York
          Julia/40/New York
63      Benjamin Smith/44/Penn./491
          Mary/32/Penn.
64      Abram Money/33/Penn.
          Mary Ann/33/Penn.
65      Reuben Wyneburgh/22/Penn.
          Lorana/18/Penn.
66      William Arney/38/Vermont
          Mary Ann/28/New York
67      William Huffman/33/Maryland
           Ruth/28/Ohio
68      Thomas Ward/45/New Hampshire
          Olive A./42/New York
         Archie M. Teal/35/Penn.
69     Alonzo R. Hunt/39/Vermont
         Emma/40/Conn.
         Sydney/22/New York


                             ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN
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                          Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

70      Ruth Beadle/36/New York/492
71     David Beadle/24/Ohio
         Lucy A. /20/Michigan
72     Ira J. Beadly/26/Ohio
         Helen M. /19/New York
73     William Coffinger/37/New York/492
         Sarah M. /31/New York
         Philip D. Coffinger/25/New York
74     Thomas Manly/42/New York
         Susan/27/Ohio
75     Hezekiah Wetherbee/47/New York
         Abigail/48/New York
76     Henry B. Baker/36/Conn.
          Lucy/27/New York
         Mahitabel Manly/68/New York
77     Benjamin (Baker?)/50/New York/493
         Andrew (Baker?)/48/New York
         Polly (Baker?)/44/New York
78     Oliver P. Wetherbee/27/New York
          Ann E. /24/New York
79      John Coffinger/28/New York
          Elizabeth/25/New York
80      Lansing Fonda/50/New York
          Eleanor Ann/46/New York
81      John Watkins/36/New York
          Maria/34/New York
82      A.H.S. Teall/32/New York
          Mary/33/Scotland
          Clarissa Teal/73/Vermont
          Virsula/39/Canada
83      David Stevenson/31/England
          Ann/29/England
84      Joseph Graham/62/New York
          Diana/55/New York
          William/27/New York
          Olive/23/New York
85      Nathan Harwood/36/Vermont/494
          Nancy/53/Vermont
          Susan/22/New York


                                    SETTLEMENTS
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                            Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

86      Daniel Eddy/26/New York
          Angeline/25/New York
          Hasel Peake/20/New York
          Van Rendeleare (Eddy?)/24/New York
87      Barnabas Eddy/42/New York
          Laura/42/New York
88      Robert C. Smith/41/New York
          Ann/40/New York
89      Jasper Eddy/45/New York
          Mary/33/Ohio
          William Eddy/23/Michigan
90[??]  not there

91      Valentine P. Redway/27/Mass./494
          Mary E./19/Vermont
          Flora C./23/New York
          William L. Geer/20/Michigan
92      James Adams/27/New York
          Ann/25/New York
Mottvillle

"Puddleford" - Have you ever read "Puddleford Papers," which ran in the old Knickerbocker Magazine?

"Puddleford was located in the west. Men, women and children live and die in Puddleford. It helps make governors, congressmen and presidents and yet who knows or cares about Puddleford? Some of the houses of Puddleford are built of logs, some of boards and some were never exactly built at all but evolved through a combination of circumstances which the oldest inhabitants have never been able to explain. The log houses were just log houses, but no one has been found with impudence enough to suggest an improvement - a pile of logs laid with mud and packed in mud, a mammoth fireplace with a chimney throat as large; a lower story and a garret and in one corner a Jacob's ladder. It is said Squire Longbow had a frame house and two rooms and this, in connection with the office of Justice of the Peace, gave him a standing and influence in Puddleford well nigh omnipotent."

Puddleford was supposed to be Mottville, the old Grand Traverse across the St. Joseph river. Of its many quaint characters, the "Hunter," John Bear, was among the most picturesque. Riley pictures him as "tall, brawny, a giant in strength," "He wore a red flannel wamus, a leathern belt girt around his waist, deerskin leggins and moccasins and a felt hat that ran to a peak. His rifle and shot-pouch were
ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

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slung around him. His face beamed with intelligence and good nature and as he greeted me, a stranger, he shook my hand as heartily as if he had known me a thousand years - with, "So you are the person that comes in here to settle, I s'pose to cut down trees and plough up this 'ere ground." I said I was. "Well, said he, "so it goes. I have moved and moved and I can't keep out of the way of the ploughs and axes. It was just as much as the deer and the beaver and otter and I could do to stand the surveyors that went trampling just as though they was to be sold out wher-or-no. Then the school district and the school with a little bell on it. Scart the game. Game can't stand school bells and church bells, stranger, they can't. They clears right out." When I advised him to give up hunting and till the soil, he indignantly exclaimed: "What on airth does the soil want tilling for? Warnt it made right in the fust place? Huh?"

During this period, the spirit of interprise animated even the Indians. A story is told of the establishment of a toll gate conducted by the interesting old Indian, Chief Shavehead, who established tribute from all travelers. They paid rather than have trouble. One day Ashael Savery was stopped by Shavehead. The Indian coming to the wagon, dropped his chin on the edge of the box, leaned his rifle against the body and peered wickedly up at Savery, instead of handing out the toll, grasped the Indian by the scalp lock with his left hand and with his right vigorously used his black whip over the bare shoulders of the struggling Indian. Then discharging the Indian's rifle, he drove on. The toll station was discontinued.

Undoubtedly the first grist mill in the region was built by Klinger near Mottville on the St. Joseph. Wm. Taylor kept the famous old tavern at Mottville. Wm. Taylor was with Colonel Mullet in his surveying expedition in this territory and was in the celebrated Indian fight at Battle Creek in 1824,
SETTLEMENTS

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Quimbly was called to act as nurse. Taking a meat ax with him, he threw it with a noisy thump on the table in the sickroom and with a villianous look faced his patient. The startled Lancaster asked: "Q-Q-Quimby, what are you going to do with that ax?" Quimby, looking more savage than ever, grimly replied: "There's to be a dead pettifogger unless you straighten up". A subdued Lancaster took his medicine and went to sleep and was pronounced well in record breaking time.

The Beardsley's settled three miles north of Mottville - ten of them and a hired man, in a log castle which was twenty feet square and one and a half stories high. Mr. Beardsley describes the hardships of the settlers during the epidemic of 1838, when they fired alarm guns for help but no assistance came because there was no one in the settlement able to go. In the night a child died and three boys offered their services to the striken household. "We three were the undertaker, preacher, sexton and funeral procession altogether. We buried their dead though we three looked more like escapes from a graveyard than a funeral procession."

"There were no highways in this part of St. Joseph county until the Bonebrights, Beardsleys, H. E. Root, Milo Powell, the Traverses, Nathan Skinner, John and Hugh Ferguson, Harry Garrison and Amidons, cut out and made them from Wood Lake to Mottville and from Porter to Constantine". "Through marshes, swamps and quagmires, we carried the timbers for bridges and causeways".

In 1840 Mr Beardsley built a saw mill on his premises and quotes best whitewood lumber at "six dollars per thousand in trade and dicker."

Pioneers tell us that in clearing the land for agriculture, among their worst obstacles were the great whitewood trees which were often 70 or 80 feet to the first limbs and the trunks from 2 to 8 feet in diameter. They resembled columns of a temple. "To fell them, other trees were felled across them and a fire kept burning, sometimes for weeks, until the great trees fell." Often the whitewood and oak were used for rails to build the high worm-fences, simply to get rid of the timber.

L. D. Watkins, in his "Destruction of the Forest of Southern Michigan," describes the process of clearing the land by windrowing. "The huge forest trees were chopped partly off in such a manner that they would fall obliquely towards the center of a selected space, with the tops fallen from either side inward crossing each other and lodging there to form a level mass of wood and foilage, sometimes a quarter of a mile in length. Then at the end of the line, a huge tree was
ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

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felled and as it came thundering down on the row of partly fallen trees, they would go down, one after another, with a crash each one carrying down the one in front of it. It was like a battle of giants, a sight of grandeur, with a paralyzing roar of sound. The trees were left as they had fallen until they were very dry and then when the wind was just right they were set on fire and the beautiful old forest became nothing but huge blackened logs with burial mounds of upturned roots. Then came the settlers to the "logging bees" when near neighbors joined in the work and with their oxen rolled the blackended logs into "log heaps." We are told that "When night came down and the men ceased their labor, they were as the blackest of the sons of Ham". Around the burned stumps the settlers planted their first crops, and so took the first steps towards Michigan's progress as a great agricultural state.

During the thirties, "A farmers outfit consisted of an ax, iron wedge, plow, harrow (this often a tree top) and a sickle. Most of the small grain was harvested by the sickle as late as 1835. Wheat and oats were stacked in a circle, in the center of which was a threshing floor of dirt, raised towards the center, upon which the sheaves were placed and trodden out by horses, the winnowing at first was done by two men waving a sheet while a third man threw the grain up in the air. Threshing machines began to make their appearance in the St. Joseph valley about 1842."

The first farmer in the St. Joseph river valley was Squire Thompson. A. B. Copley, in his "Early Settlement of Southwestern Michigan" describes the Squire as a model backwoods man, pioneer, hunter, farmer, trapper, statesman, merchant, lawyer, counsellor, arbitrator, politician, interpreter, guide, all combined in one person. He was born in 1784 and, at the age of 39, settled in St. Joseph river valley. He made frequent trips to Detroit packing out skins and furs and returning with the three indispensibles of frontier life, powder, lead and salt. "Money was no object to him and he wasted no time in trying to acquire it. He wore pantaloons faced with buckskin, a red flannel shirt, open at the throat in all weathers, no hat and only in the coldest weather wearing a coat. He emigrated to California with the 49'ers and died in 1850".

Flowerfield The first white settler who took up a permanent residence in the township of Flowerfield, was Michael Beadle, who settled near the site of the village of Flowerfield, in 1829. He came from the State of Ohio, accompanied by his family. The first farm opened in Flowerfield was by Mr. Beadle in 1830. The first orchard was set out by Daniel Wheeler in the spring
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for 1835. The first frame house was built by Mr. Beadle in 1831. The first physician to take up his residence in the township was Dr. C. L. Clewes, who commenced the practice of medicine in 1832. The first record of a regularly surveyed road in the township is dated April 17, 1834. The surveyor was a Mr. Briggs. Prior to this, the old settlers used to drive everywhere through clearings and over farms, making their way along the streams, following the Indian trails, which invariably led to the easiest fording places. From constant and long use the trails became packed like a much worn path and were on an average of fifteen inches in depth. The first grist mill was erected in 1831 by Mr. Beadle. It had one run of stone which was made out of a natural boulder almost two and half feet in diameter. The famous Buckhorn tavern on the road between Prairie Ronde and Three Rivers was the center of its community life.

David Beadle's death occurred in 1839. He is entitled to special tribute as a pioneer who was among the first to develop St. Joseph's fine water power. He utilized it in grist, saw mills and flour mills, which he built in the early thirties. The following article is condensed from a sketch printed in the Three Rivers Tribune of July 21, 1882:

"David Beadle came to St. Joseph in 1827 accompanied by Michael and his family, David Jr., Henry Whited, Morris Dickson, Joseph Quimby and Gideon Ball. After "settling" they twice compelled to move because the surveyors found them on lands of prior claims. In 1828 they moved to Flowerfield, where David Beadle built his first mill, a 'corn cracker'" "The wheat was bolted through book muslin and worked by hand. He often had to shake the bolt for hours and in his absence his sons were given the job. In 1832, Mr. Beadle sold the mill to Challenge Wheeler and built a mill in 1833 on the Rocky at Three Rivers. In 1836 he changed it to a saw mill and in the same year built a grist mill on the opposite bank. This he sold to John H. Bowman.

In 1837 David Beadle built another grist mill at Lake Run, about one mile from Three Rivers and this he sold to Frederick Schurtz. James Valentine, a millwright and a brother-in-law of Mr. Beadle's assisted him with all except the first mill.

In 1838 he purchased a farm and the following year died, leaving a wife and eight children.

In reminiscences of pioneer times, Michael Beadle, the oldest son, tells of grinding buckwheat in a coffee grinder for a family of fifteen, of covering the pens of stock so that the wolves could not get them. He writes: "We saw the wolves often walking on top of the pens, could hear them growl and
ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

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snarl. The hardships did not keep us from having good times. We did not think it a hardship to go ten miles with an ox-team to a party for we took our good time with us." During the Black Hawk scare, Michael Beadle and Mrs. David Gilbert, of Flowerfield, melted and ran a half bushel of lead into balls for ammunition.

"The water power of St. Joseph and its tributaries was a great inducement to the settlement of the county. The first gristmill in the country was built by Judge William Meek, on Crooked Creek. The water power and mill site was located June 15, 1829 and the small mill built by Hugh Wood, the millwright in 1830. "The bolt was turned by the hands of the owners of the grist-male or female.

"In 1831, Weston W. Bliss built a carding mill. In 1832 Judge Fitch built a sawmill at Eschol, which did an extensive business until 1840. Other early millers include the names of Robert and James Cowen, Schellhouse, Clark and Williams."

A story is told by Mrs. Henry Moore about Flowerfield's early settlers, who desired to hold Christian service on the Sabbath. They decided to meet at the store. After the little audience had gathered, some one remembered that it was unlawful to have liquor within a certain number of feet of a place where divine worship was being held. They solved the difficulty by rolling the barrel of rum, owned at the store, to the required distance from the building and then calmly proceeded with the service.

A quaintly interesting autobiography on file in the Three Rivers Public Library collection was written by the late Mrs. Arney and read before the Three Rivers Womans' Club in 1905. Mrs. Arney wrote in part:

"In September of 1836, the Ash family moved in a covered wagon from Washtenaw County to St. Joseph. We found our way through the forest by the blazes on the trees and built our house five miles west of Flowerfield.

"The first winter was a dreary one, filled with many hardships. We bought our flour from Challenge Wheeler and our venison from the Indians who took in exchange salt pork, which they called cucush, and potatoes, which to them were quoshgun.

"My husband, George Ash, purchased a small place in 1837 and as we were fifteen miles from anywhere, we had to make everything, even our own salaratus, which was ashes of burned corncobs moistened and made into little cakes."

Mrs. Arney tells of going one day to the Prutzman store on Prairie Ronde and stopping to visit a friend as she returned. It was sunset before she reached the heavy timber. As the sun
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set she heard the timber wolves on her trail and vividly pictures the race on old "Bet" for home.

In 1837 Charles Woodruff organized a school district and hired Mrs. Arney as teacher. She describes the arue, the dreaded sickness of the newly-broken prairies, and of the looting by the Indians of their vegetables which grew among the stumps. She describes the Indians climbing hole left for the escape of smoke and of the Indians stealing all of their bacon and flour.

After the death of Mr. Ash, Mrs. Ash married Rev. William Arney of Three Rivers.

The people of Flowerfield and Park were next door neighbors to those of Prairie Ronde, often their farms extended into Schoolcraft township and the two townships have many folk stories in common. One of them is of a young boy by the name of Covey, who possessed a great love for tamarack gum, and was often in the forest in search of it. "One day he found a fallen tamarack tree, having upon it the coveted gum. Dropping on his hands and knees, he nipped off the gum with his teeth as he slowly worked his way towards the top of the tree. He was dressed after the fashion of the times, with shirt and pants and coon skin cap-the tail of the coon formed the apex of the cone shaped cap, which bobbed with the motion of the boy's head as he crept, his entire attention centered on the gum. As he reached the main branches a sudden vicious snarl accompanied by the rush of a sharp clawed animal over his head and back and down the tree trunk, struck terror to his heart and losing his balance, he rolled more dead than alive down to the mossy ground below. Springing to his feet he fled with utmost speed for home. The animal was a wildcat, astonished at the strange creature crawling slowly towards her - had remained quiet until alarmed for her own safety, she broke into terrifying snarls and clawed the boy with the vicious energy of her flight."

As indicated by their names, the townships of Flowerfield and Park were named by the surveyors, because of their great beauty. Flowerfield was beyond description. Miss Ruth Hoppin wrote of it: "Much as I love forest scenes, I have not words sufficient to adequately picture them". "Wild flowers in full possession. Roads wound at will among the trees, all graceful curves and pleasing turns. In early summer the grass overtopped with wild flowers, surpassing in beautiful effects the most skillful landscape gardening. Blue lupines, variegated phlox, scarlet painted cups, purple and white erigerons, purple cranes' bills, blue spiderworts, yellow cynthias, rock roses, golden Alexanders, white meadow rue, galunis,
SETTLEMENTS

PAGE 90

coarse columbine, medical lady slippers, seneca snake root, in wildest profusion and stretching as far as the eye could see under the great oak foliage. Why try to describe the earlier growths of violets, buttercups and anemones, or the later gay crowd of sunflowers, asters and all their sisters and their cousins and their aunts? The now nearly exterminated fringed gentian that flourished in abundance."

"The farmers in their eagerness to subdue the soil, have destroyed whole families of these harmless plants and have let much more hurtful ones remain.

"Must the native flowers of St. Joseph county follow the buffalo, the deer, the wild pigeon and the prairie hen into the things of the past?

"Must the day come when there shall be no patch of forest where a child may see the flowers which charmed the parents eyes?"

Park

The township of Park was named for its park like appearance. The surface was covered with great oak trees which free from underbrush and small trees gave the appearance of some great estate of old England. Nature herself being the landscape artist and the Indians by their annual fires, were the keepers who freed the forest from obstruction.

The first land entries were made by Henry Carver and Russel Peck in 1830 and 1831. Other early settlers were Jonas and Leonard Fisher, in 1834, who settled on the east bank of that beautiful sheet of water known as Fisher's lake, and for whom it was named. The lake was located partly on Pottawatomie reservation. Other early settlers in Park were Issac Mowery and Leland Howers, the Hutchinsons, John Lomison, the Ludwigs, the Stoufers, the Hoppins, the McOmbers, Troys, the Sillimans and the Ulrich families.

The first orchard set out in the township was by Isaac Mowery in 1836. The early settlers depended largely on game for food. Mr. Ulrich shot 105 deers and three bears the first year. The first saw mill was built by Harvey Kinney in the fall of 1838.

The first preacher in Park township was a circuit rider of the Methodist Church, by the name of Kellogg, who held services in 1837. The first school taught in the township was held in a shoemaker's shop belonging to John Troy in 1837 and was taught by a Miss Kimble.

Moorepark, a station on the New York Central, established in 1871 was named in honor of the late Edward S. Moore, whose beautiful home stands but a few rods from the village. For several years it has been the property of Joseph
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Wilbur and was the home of his mother the late Mrs. Lucy Millard Beaumont, daughter of the Hon. Joseph Millard.

In their "Abstracts of St. Joseph County's First One Hundred Wills", the Daughters of the American Revolution included the will which was made by Samuel Fisher. It is perhaps, the first recorded public benefaction in the county. It is of interest also, as all wills are, for the genealogical information concerning the family as the special bequests are enumerated. We read:

"$450.00 to be given for the building of a Presbyterian church at Park, within two miles of Parkville.

"Children of Jonas and Mary Fisher, i.e., Charles, Sarah Williams, Mary, Harriet, Julia, Clara, Olivia, William, each to receive stated amounts; a double amount to Samuel, his namesake. Larger amounts to Jonas and Mary Fisher; to Catherine Culbertson; daughter of James and Chesty Culbertson; and to Charity Culbertson, a daughter of James of Nottawa.

$1000.00 towards improving and fencing Park burying ground near M.E. Church, NWQ of SE 1/4 S35, T5, R11W.

$100.00 to M.E. Church of Park township to paint church; and the balance to be used for the most charitable purposes that may come to their knowledge.

"Substantial gravestones to be purchased for Samuel, son of Paul Fisher of Union Co. Pa., and Samuel, son of George Fisher of Lycoming County, Pa.

The executors were his "esteemed friends" Jonas Fisher and John Lomison; and the witnesses Samuel Fisher, Jonas Everet, Andrew Reed and William Fisher.

Like all the old time makers of wills, he further disposes of the household effects including the best bed. The will closes with the request that Rev. Mr. Page of Three Rivers preach the funeral sermon and be paid ten dollars.

One of the greatest contributions made by St. Joseph county to the development of Michigan was the life and influence of the educator, Ruth Hoppin, whose childhood was lived in Park township and who lies buried in the Park cemetery.

Miss Hoppin wrote of pioneer Park:

"The grape vines hanging in long festoons from the trees along the streams, a solid mass of green, furnished the wild grapes of piquant taste for jams and jellies. Trees, shrubs, vine, swamps and rivers made a perfect condition for birds and the game birds seemed exhaustless.

"My mother spun, wove, colored and made up the wearing apparel for her whole family until the incoming railroad changed everything and made home manufacture un-
ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

PAGE 94

mastide and the merry making extended from the early candle light of Christmas eve to the early dawn of St. Distaff's day".

In the newspapers of every year the story is retold of the Christmas day and its merry feasts, explanations of customs and the meaning of the overtone of spiritual significance. The old records change only the names of the individuals, for every holiday issue of the old newspapers during the years spell "home coming and happiness" - college boys and girls coming home, men and women of older years "coming home."

Closely following the interest in Christmas was the watch night service. An old pagan rite transformed into the Christian service of praying the old year out and the new year in; or for those less religiously inclined, a watch night party which lasted into New Year's day with elaborate "at homes" for the New Year's callers, - "the elegant" gentlemen who sipped a bit of wine and whose good wishes grew more and more eloquent as they proceeded on their round of calls. The gay sleighing parties, the masquerades, the numerous parades have marked the happy New Years, though none became an established custom in the county.

As a climax to the holiday gaiety, our English ancestors entered with zest into the Twelfth Night revels, which have been occasionally observed during the years. "When twice six nights from Christmasse each maister in his house doth burne ye frankensense, and with his goode wife doth bringe ye blessing of ye wisemen on ye house." It was the time when with elaborate ceremony the Christman greens were burned and in their place "ye living sprige of box above ye fire place is made to stande". It was the time when in quaint processional "with song and hymn and rondelay there was wroght the wise man's blessing on the house - when ivy, boxwood and wassail played their several parts to make "A house wherein neither bread nor meat shall want, Nor dreadful charm have power to hurt or harm." "A time when the Twelfth Night king and all his court sing carols around the wassail bowl'n and pledge each others health."

Heads of Families, Park Township, St. Joseph Co., Michigan Census of 1850 - Vol. 9

                       Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

1          Jonathan Hoats/45/Penn./757
            Mary Ann/40/Penn.
2         William Woodruff/47/Conn.
            Jerusha/46/New York
3         John Sickler/44/Penn.
           Ann/44/Penn.
4          Hannah Slote/61/Penn.


                                 SETTLEMENTS

PAGE 95

                        Names/Age/Place of Birth/Page

5         George Slote/33/Penn
           Margaret/33/Penn.
6         Jacob H. Foust/32/Penn./758
7         Jacob Hinebaugh/32/Penn.
           Mary Ann/21/Penn.
8         Joseph Masser/40/Penn.
           Catherine/35/New York
9         Thomas Foust/34/England
           Emily F./32/New York
10       Isaac Blue/41/Penn.
           Catherine/37/Penn.
11       Loren G. Brown/39/Penn.
           Hester/38/Penn.
12       John Carpener/51/New York
           Hannah/38/New York
13       Jonathan Booker/30/Penn.
           Catherine/40/Penn.
14       John Foust/63/Penn./759
           Mary/64/Penn.
15       Solomon Coleman/38/Penn.
           Barbara/36/Penn.
16       Edward Good/70/Penn.
           Martha/61/Penn.
17       Amos Reed/52/New Jersey
18       Jacob Carter/40/Conn.
           Mary/31/Conn.
19       Samuel Moore/62/New Jersey
            Polly/55/Con.
20        George Hill/33/Penn.
            Martha/33/Penn.
            Thomas Morrow/60/Penn.
21        Samuel Ludwig/49/Penn./760
            Eliza/49/Penn.
22        William Caven/50/Penn.
             Jane 52/Penn.
23         George Gentsler/28/Penn.
             Catherine/27/Penn.



                          ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

PAGE 96

                       Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

24        Mary Fox/39/Penn.
            John Hoats/45/Penn.
            John Fox/45/Penn.
25       Hiram Schoonmaker/39/New York
           Sarah Ann/26/New York
26       Abram J. Schoonmaker/41/New York
           Amelia Ann/41/New York
           Thomas Silliman/28/Penn.
            Benjamin Curtis/23/New York
           Justin Wait/25/New York
27       Samuel P. Ludwig/26/Penn./761
           Mary/21/Penn.
28       Frederick Dentler/35/Penn.
29       Solomon Guiger/29/Penn.
           Mary/28/Penn.
30       James Johnson/26/Penn.
           Mary/19/Penn.
31       William Clinton/45/Penn.
            Mary/36/Penn.
32        John Holiday/38/Scotland/761
            Margaret/29/Penn.
33        Garrett Grovenburg/42/New York
            Esther/26/Ohio
            Alexander McMeine/31/New York
34        Charles McCumber/49/New York/762
            Mary/45/Vermont
35        William Stoufer/30/Penn.
            Jane/32/Penn.
36        Chauncey Woodward/46/New York
            Irene/48/Penn.
37        William Roberts/57/New York
            William H./32/New York
38        Walter L. Foster/34/Penn.
             Mary E./22/Ohio
39        Andrew M. Leland/32/Penn./763
            Sarah K./35/Penn.
40        Andrew Hinebaugh/48/Penn./763
            Catherine/45/Penn.


                              SETTLEMENTS

PAGE 97

                      Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

41         Jacob Bailinger/25/Penn.
             Mary Ann/20/Penn.
42         Richard Daugherty/27/New York
             Susan/26/Penn.
43         Henry Hinebaugh/40/Penn.
             Lydia/35/Penn.
44         John Troy/48/New Jersey
             Rebecca/47/New Jersey
45         John W. Moore/37/Penn.
             Charlotte/32/Penn.
46         John Brown/35/New York
             Harriet Miller/30/New York
47         Finley Campbell/31/Penn.
             Ann/28/Penn.
48         Ambrose Campbell/25/Penn./764
              Jane/50/Penn.
49          Isaac Mowery/41/Penn.
              Catherine/39/Penn.
50         Philip Filker(Felker?) 37/Germany
             Sarah/35/Penn.
51         Jacob Bauman/38/Penn.
             Susan/39/Penn.
52         John Falger/40/Germany
             Magdeline/30/Germany
53          Isaac Ulrich/50/Penn.
              Elizabeth/46/Penn.
54         Andrew Reed/46/New Jersey/765
             Catherine/44/Penn.
55        Jacob Shranger/43/Penn.
            Catherine/39/Penn.
56        John Hartranaff/45/Penn.
            Esther/39/Penn.
57        Lydia Carpenter/41/New York
58        Charles G. Carpenter/38/New York
            Mary Ann/36/New York
            John Carpenter/87/New York
            Mary Bostwick/61/New York
59        Samuel A. Stirling/41/New York
            Lucinda/37/Conn.

 
                         ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

PAGE 98

                      Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

60        John Bramer/43/Penn./766
   Transcriber's Note: There is a typo in  the book.  New York is where
   Place of Birth should be
           Margaret/43/Penn.
61        Isaac Budman/46/Penn.
             Susanna/43/New Jersey
            James Budman/49/Penn.
62        Persifer Golvard/37/Penn.
            Anne O./30/Ohio
63        James Hutchinson/50/Penn.
            Rosanna I./20/Penn.
            Samuel Shranger/28/Penn.
64        Anna Reed/31/Penn/766
            Elizabeth Goward/64/Penn.
65        William Ousterhout/44/Penn.
            Catherine/38/Penn.
66        John F. Williams/26/New York/767
            Cyrus W. Card/36/New York
67        James Reed/43/Penn.
            Barbara/35/Penn.
            David Millison/71/Penn.
68        Rebecca Hippen (Hoppen)/59/New Jersey
69        Jefferson Tompkin/33/New York
            Phebe E./30/New York
70        John Adams/27/New York
            Cornelia/17/New York
            Maria Adams/56/New Jersey
71        Frank Dentler/31/Penn.
            Mary/29/Penn.
72        Horace Boacht/26/New York
            Caroline E./23/New York
73        Robert M. Roath/38/New York
            Hannah A./28/New York
74        Sarah Card/57/New York/768
75        Walter B. Love/38/Penn.
             Benjamin Hutton/58/Penn.
            Abula/55/Penn.
76        Philip Caspar/25/Penn.
            Hetty/29/Penn.
77        John Wyneburg/57/Penn.
78        Daniel Wyneburg/26/Penn.
            Elizabeth/23/Penn.

  
                                SETTLEMENTS

PAGE 99

                       Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

79      John Hutchinson/45/Penn.
          Caroline/34/Penn.
80      Michael Hower/36/Penn.
          Mary/34/Penn.
81      Nicholas Hower/26/Penn.
          Sophia N./24/New York
          Reuben Fisher/32/Penn.
          Sarah/23/Penn.
          Leonard/88/Penn.
82      Loring Parsons/46/New York/769
          Almira/47/Vermont
83      John Lomison/42/Penn.
          Sarah/42/Penn.
84      Stephen Ercanbrac/26/ Penn.
          Hester/23/Penn.
          Charles Ercanbrac/38/Penn.
          Elizabeth/35/Penn.
85      William G. Taylor/28/Mass.
           Josephine/25/Vermont
86      Walter Foster/69/Ireland
87       Luther Carleton/41/Vermont/770
           Grace/40/New York
88       Peter Everett/40/New York
           Lunney/35/Ohio
           John Hise/63/Penn.
           Margaret/62/Penn.
89       Abigail Abbott/63/Mass.
           Sally/64/Mass.
90       Robert Campbell/52/Scotland
            Jane/53/Scotland
91        Amos Alexander/40/Penn.
            Nancy/40/Penn.
92         John Hise/24/Penn.
             Frances/20/Penn.
93         Jacob Hinebaugh/60/Penn.
             Barbara/26/Penn.
94         Harvey Keeney/46/New York
             Sarah Ann/32/New York


                             ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN                   

PAGE 100
                         Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

95        Samuel Citterman (Cotterman)/39/Penn./771
            Charlotte/40/Penn.
96        Benjamin Perrin/34/New York
            Louisa A./31/New York
97        Nicholas Bright/30/Penn.
            Mary Ann/30/Penn.
98        Enos Osborne/24/New York/771
            Martha/18/New York
99        David Bexley/31/New York
            Elizabeth/20/New York
100      Alvin Westcott/27/New York
            Fanny E./28/New York
            Asa Day/29/Michigan/772
101      Edward Neddo/22/New York
            Rebecca Ann/18/Michigan
102      Reuben Smalley/31/Michigan
            Almeda/26/Michigan
103      William Smalley/22/New York
            Sarah Catherine/65/New Jersey
104      Amos R. Kellog/35/New York
            Eliza/25/New York
105      William M. Adams/40/Penn.
            Amelia/34/New York
106      Lawrence Keep/31/Canada
            Louisa/28/New York
107      David Osborne/54/New York
            Polly/48/New York
108      John Laird/25/Ohio
            Jane/22/New York
109      Freeman Smalley/37/New Jersey
            Emily/22/Penn.
110      Sarah Norton/47/Vermont
            Lydia Clark/37/New York
            Elsie Huntington/40/New York
111      Hiram Case/31/New York/773
            Laura/27/New York
            Myers Mattox/21/Ohio


                                 SETTLEMENTS

PAGE 101

                       Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

112       Nathan Osborne/47/New York
             Mercy/45/New York
113       Isaac Smalley/30/New York
             Elizabeth/21/New Jersey
114       Samuel P. Larkins/44/New York
             Maria L./36/New York
115       Solomon Strong/66/New York
             Ruth/63/New York
             Asael Potter/87/New York
116       James H. Singleton/32/Ireland
             Maria/25/Ireland 
             Peter Paterson/77/Scotland
117       Moses O'Brien/37/Ireland
             Bridget/29/Ireland
118       Margaret Goodenburg/42/New Jersey/774
             John Staley/22/New Jersey
119       Cornelius Hill/38/New Jersey
             Elizabeth/38/New Jersey
120       Isaac Collar/41/Penn.
             Harriet/34/Penn.
121       Charles Fox/41/New York
             Elizabeth/31/New York
122       Israel Palmer/32/New York
             Christianna/27/New York
123       Charles I. Wilson/23/Penn.
             Angentine S. R./23/Ohio
124       Benjamin L. Kelley/24/Penn.
             Margaret/21/Penn.
125       Alexander Troyer/45/Penn.
             Mary/34/Penn.
126       Merritt Tappan/26/New York/775
             Alivira/20/New York
127       Albino Castle/35/Conn.
             Eunice M./32/Conn.
128       George Shook/30/Penn.
             Eliza/28/New York
129       John Olburne/40/Penn./775
             Martha/40/Penn.
             David Shranger/26/Penn.


                         ST JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN           

PAGE 102

                      Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

130       Franklin Davis/40/Penn.
             Mary Ann/40/Penn.
131       Samuel Moriere (Mowrer)/40/Penn.
132       Amos Casper/27/Penn.
             Cymantha/20/New York
             Daniel Casper/22/Penn.
133       John Wilcox/45/Penn./776
             Elizabeth/39/New York
134       Abram Lamberson/40/Penn.
             Ann Maria/29/Penn.
135       Danford Ballou/48/New York
             Cynthia/42/New York
             Seth Ballou/75/Conn.
136       John B. Budman/45/Penn.
             Sarah/16/Penn.
137       Peter Blue/32/Penn.
             Catherine/29/Penn.
Burr Oak Township

In 1831 Samuel Haslet and family accompanied by George Miller, settled in Burr Oak township. Among the first to come to Burr Oak were the Livermores, Sanburns, Stowells, Weavers, James L. Bishop, Sidney Carpenter and the Kibbes.

Burr Oak is one of the best agricultural townships in the county. Orman Coe and Lewis Austin made the first land entries in 1831. The village of Burr Oak was not laid out until 1851. It was platted by Henry Weaver on land owned by William Lock. Its first house was erected by William Betts in 1850. Its first tavern was kept by Julius A. Thompson in 1851. The village was incorporated in 1859, with E. J. Goff, president.

The following record is a certified copy of the "Census of 1850," volume 9, pp. 681-696. Census Bureau Washington. It gives the name and abode, age and birthplace of residents in Burr Oak township, June 1, 1850. The number preceeding the name indicates the family in the "order of enumerators visitation."

Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

1       Clark Needham/39/Vermont/681
          Mary T./37/New York


                                     SETTLEMENTS
PAGE 103

                            Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

2      Joseph Brooks/53/England
        Maria/31/New York
3      John Start/25/New York
        Hannah/22/New York
4      Samuel Richardson/23/New York
        Mary/23/New York
        Eleazer/63/New York
        Elizabeth/64/New York
5      Richard Houston/47/New York
        Elizabeth/39/New York
6      Emile R. Weaver/35/New York
        Olive/35/New York
        Robert Gibson/67/England
7      Lucius W. Bryant/27/Vermont/682
        Pulchera/24/New York
        Samuel J. Graham/24/New York
8      William C. Bryant/29/Vermont
        Eliza B./21/New York
9      Arthur Washburn/40/New York
        Axy/38/New York
10    Charles R. Monroe/46/Mass.
        Clarissa/47/New York
11    Charles Dean/29/New York
         Polly/20/New York
12    Alfred Benedict/40/New York
         Cyntha/30/Ohio
         Martha Benedict/67/New York
13    James Engle/36/New York
         Margaret/31/New York
14    Samuel Needham/38/Vermont/683
         Nancy/40/Vermont
         Thomas A. Dickinson/86/Conn.
         Virsula/52/Vermont
15     Hannah Trussell/57/N. H.
16    George Harty/37/Penn.
         Ann/32/Penn.
17     Elijah Lancaster/39/Conn.
         Maria/27/New York

  
                            ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

PAGE 104

                         Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

18      Benjamin Farley/59/Mass.
          Harriet/54/New Jersey
          William Betts/26/Canada
          Jane/24/New York
19      Juluis A. Thompson/46/New York
          Theodosia/42/New York
          Joy W. (m)/49/New York
20      Sanford Lathrop/50/Conn.
          Harriet/44/Ohio
21      Luther Graves/27/New York
          Eliza/27/New York
22      Phenneas Sheldon/35/Vermont/684
          Lucinda/29/New York
23      Joel North/50/New York
          Lucy/40/New York
24      John Start/61/N. H.
          Martha/61/N. H.
25      Charles Betts/27/Canada
           Elizabeth/32/Vermont
26       James Warder/25/New York
           Louise/29/Vermont
           Albert Hutchinson/38/Vermont
           Artemas French/23/New York
           Sophia Letter/74/Vermont
27       Minerva Slocum/39/New York
28       Henry Buys/32/New York
           Hannah/26/New York
29       Daniel Buys/29/New York/684
           Adeline/22/New York
30       Julia Ann Whitney/30/New York/685
           Betsey Runyon/64/New York
31       Hiram Lockwood/28/New York
           Mary/25/New York
32       Olive Low/71/Mass.
           Charles Kibble/35/New York
           Julia A./35/New York
33       Israel Neguz/34/New York
           Atlas E./31/New York


                                SETTLEMENTS

PAGE 105

                        Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

34       Seneca Ross/40/New York
           Olive/20/New York
           Cornelia/44/New York
35       James Filkins/40/New York
           Eliza/40/New York
36       Ai Powers/58/Vermont
           Sybil/51/Conn.
           Israel Filkins/34/New York
37       Henry Weaver/37/Mass.
           Amy Ann/35/New York
38       John Filkins/84/New York/686
           Abigail/50/New York
           Stephen/45/New York
39       Amy Weaver/65/New York     
40       Lewis Cross/32/New York
           Sybil/21/New York
41       Henry Swift/44/New York
           Eliza Boughton/35/New York
42       Leonard Cross/55/New York
           Mary/21/New York
43       William Locke/48/Penn.
            Rachel/35/Penn.
            Rebecca Gardner/80/Penn.
44        Richard L. Jenkins/57/England/686
            Ann M./51/New York
45        Jason Kibbie/62/New York
            Polly/60/New York
            Lucinda Colton/25/Penn.
46        Nathan Hackett/33/New York/687
            Sarah/30/New York
47        William Collett/58/England
            Electa/59/New York
48        John Hackett/28/New York
            Ellen/26/New York
49        John Benedict/31/New York
            Laura/26/New York
50        Lawrence R. Greene/38/New York
            Maria/29/New York


                           ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN
PAGE 106

                         Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

51        Alvah E. Stowell/44/N. H.
            Jane/42/New York
52        Joseph C. Stowell/39/N. H.
            Clara E./38/New York
            Elijah/71/New Hampshire
53        James B. Pepper/32/Penn.
            Axy Ann/25/Vermont
54        Calvin Cowles/50/New York/688
            Rachel/49/New York
55        Gideon Lourborn/?/Vermont
             Jane/35/Mass.
56        Reuben W. Trusell/26/Vermont
            Wealthy Ann/22/New York
57        Chester Ward/43/New York
            Lydia/38/New York
58        Peter Whitney/39/Maine
            Laura/27/New York
59        Arthur Washburn/65/Conn.
            Betsey/62/Conn.
60        Benjamin Marks/42/New York
            Clementina/32/New York
61        Remington Whitney/48/Maine/688
            Rhoda/33/New York
62        Joseph Buckrule (Bucknell?)/50/England/689
           Sarah/41/England
63        Amasa H. Johnson/33/New York
            Hannah/61/New York
64        Hulburt Brown/38/New York
            Sally/28/New York
65        Albert L. Upham/32/New York
            Elizabeth/31/New York
66        Sydney Carpenter/40/Mass.
            Amanda J./18/New York
67        Barnabas Porter/46/New York
            Mary/39/New York
68        Freeman Upham/28/Mass.
            Olive/28/New York
69        John Sickles (Sickler?)/36/New York
            Eliza/28/New York

                                   
                                SETTLEMENTS

PAGE 107

                      Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

70       James Sickles (Sickler?)/57/New Jersey
           Eleanor/57/New York
           John D. Vine (Devine)/45/New York
71       William Clarke/45/New York
           Sarah/35/New York
72       David Merritt/46/New York
           Sally/45/New York
73       Edgar C. Sampson/30/New York
           Lucy J./33/New York
74       Anson Upsham/34/Mass.
           Caroline/28/New York
75       Solomon Howe/26/New York
           Anna/27/Ohio
76       Jophtha M. Bolt/41/New York
           Jane/36/New York
           Mary Hotchkiss/85/New York/690
           Hiram Hotchkiss/58/Conn.
77       Benjamin F. Boots/25/New York
           Mary A./24/New York
78       Alonzo Norton/43/Penn.
           Nancy/35/Penn.
79       Calvin A. Wright/36/New York/691
           Sally M./34/New York
80       Cyrus M. Atchinson/43/New York
           Julia Ann/27/New York
81       John Johnson/43/England
           Ann/32/England
82       Joshua West/35/Ohio
           Jerusha/29/Ohio
83       Eli Stone/38/Ohio
           Sally/40/Ohio
84       Winard Miller/57/New York
           Polly/56/New York
85       George Miller/30/New York
           Lucy/30/New York
86       Francis Weld/27/New York/692
           Jane/27/New York
87       William H. Patchin/36/New York
            Jane/28/New York
           

                          ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

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                      Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

88        John Hoagland/41/New York
                Margaret/30/New York
89        Melvin Gates/26/New York
                Sarah/48/New York
90        James S. Tisdall/42/Conn.
                Alva/29/New York
                Abigail/65/Conn.
91        William Safford/57/New Jersey
                 Margaret/52/New Jersey
92        George W. Moore/44/Mass.
93        William Lafford/28/Canada
                  Mary E./24/New York
                  Elizabeth Graves/49/New York
94        Thomas J. Reid/73/Penn.693
  Transcriber's Note: Thomas J. Reid, age 73 is in fact:
     Thomas Jefferson Reed, age 23 years, the son of Mary.
                  Mary/45/Penn.
95        Harrison Platt/31/New York
                  Adeline/25/New York
96        Samuel Mathews/27/Virginia
                   Lucinda Ann/23/Virginia
97        William Bayles/55/Virginia
                    Amelia/52/Virginia
98        George Bayles/35/Virginia
                     Lucinda/32/New York
                    Joseph Good/27/England
                    Alexander Eagle/18/Ohio
                     Franklin Bates/24/New York
99        Lyman Hughes/57/New Hampshire
                     Jane/52/New Hampshire
100       George G. Gilbert/39/England/694
                      Margaret/36/England            
101       John H. Steer/32/Dist. of Columbia
                      Mary H./32/Ohio
102       James Jones/43/New York
                      Lucy Ann/42/New York
                      Sylvia French/22/Ohio
103       Walter D. Plumb/38/New York
                       Didaina/39/New York
104       Edmund L. Arridon 
                             (Amidon?)/40/Vermont
                        Emeline P./35/New York

                                                          
                               SETTLEMENTS

PAGE 109

                      Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

105     Joseph Harrison/29/England
                 Polly/30/New York
106     Francis B. Warren/50/Conn./695
                Esther/40/New York
107     Miles Bunheft/60/England
                Sarah/61/England
108     Charles Adams/51/Conn.
                 Adeline/49/Conn.
109     Otis W. Rice/34/Mass.
                 Lodaisce/42/Canada
110     William Thrall/52/New York/659
                 Sarah A./33/New Hampshire
111     James L. Bishop/51/Conn.
                 Mary/51/Mass.
                 Samuel Bishop/81/Conn.
                 Rebecca/54/Conn.
112     Erastus Rice/39/Mass.
                 Frances M./45/New Hampshire
113     Ralph T. Fox/22/New York/696
                 Cynthia M./25/New York
114     Isaac Drake/62/New York
                 Elizabeth/58/New York
115     Christopher Drake/24/New York
                Betsy/30/New York
116     Joseph Wren/41/England
                Jane/20/New York
117     Elijah C. Warren/63/Conn.
                Nancy/59/Mass.
118     James Wren/31/England
                Emily/25/New York
                Vesta Leighton/51/New York
119     Stephen Cade/24/England
                Phebe Ann/19/New York
120     Harrison Kelley/51/Virginia
                 Nancy/48/Kentucky
                 Jarvis Harrison/24/England

Fawn River

Fawn River at one time a part of Sturgis prairie was first settled by Judge Sturgis and George Thurston. In 1828
ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

PAGE 110

Alanson C. Steward joined the settlers and in 1829 Richard Hopkins, Thomas Hall, Lemuel Graham and Samuel Sewart arrived.

It was Lemuel Graham who walked to Monroe, a distance of one hundred and twelve miles, in two days, to record the land he so greatly desired.

Other names of early settlers of Fawn River include: Jacob Knox, Garret Sickles and James Johnson. 1836 brought Capt. Charles Moe, a soldier of 1812, and Joseph Bartholomew, Ebenezer Sweet, who built the first tavern and whose father, a soldier in the Revolution, came with him. F. A. Tisdell, Moses Roberts, Wm. Amidon, James McKerlie, Capt. Philip R. Toll, Wm. L. Lee and Francis Flanders in 1841.

Among the many Fawn River characters of rugged personality was Captain Moe. An incident is told which shows his patriotism. In church on Sunday the minister, Elder Farley, advocated the doctrine of peace and urged his hearers to turn the other cheek when it came to boundary disputes. He brought his address to a climax as he demanded: "Isn't it better to give up our claim to valueless land than to bring misery of war on two countries?" With no expectation of an answer, the speaker was not a little disconcerted to hear the rumbling base voice of Captain Moe as he indignantly exclaimed: "Not a rock, not a rock, give 'em the bayonet fust."

"Shelter and food and drink" were the three great needs of the poineers. Many of the immigrants lived in the open, sheltered by the great forest trees, with the covered wagon as home until a more substantial dwelling could be built. Undecided about a location, a family often settled on a hillside and "digging in" formed a half cave, over which branches of trees were placed. More substantial were the bark wigwams patterned after the bark huts of the Indians. The bark of trees fastened together and pinned to a light frame made a comfortable place for a summer.

The records of Fawn River pay special tribute to the heroic women of 1837-38, who during a most devastating epidemic - not forgetting nor neglecting their own households - went through the neighborhood on errands of mercy, carrying cheer to the stricken cabins: Mrs. Philip R. Toll, Mrs. James Johnson, Mrs. Richard Hopkins, Mrs. Charles Moe, Mrs. James McKerlie and Mrs. Bartholomew, the latter the first to die of the epidemic was buried in the little old cemetery on the shores of Sweet Lake.

Vivid descriptions are on file at the public library of pathetic scenes during the cholera epidemic, among then that of Dr. Crosette, who proved himself of "the stuff of which
SETTLEMENTS

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heroes are made". No other doctor within forty miles, he passed from cabin to cabin, night and day, administering as best he could and was so exhausted that when he was taken sick he had no strength to recover. He died, leaving a wife and six young children. Dr. Sabin of Centerville is another of the scores of physicians, each of whom merits special mention as of those who have given of their lives to the health and welfare of St. Joseph people.

The spirit of the early doctors, animated by the unselfish sympathy which comes from training in the school of hardships and self denial, is well illustrated by stories about Dr. James B. Dunkin, who came from Virginia. It was often very difficult for the settlers to get enough to eat, and much to purchase. At a time of great distress, a neighbor came to him asking to buy grain. "Have you the money", asked the Doctor. "Yes", replied the settler. Then, Dunkin told him: "I cannot sell you grain, you can buy it most anywhere. I am keeping mine for those who have no money and must work".

The old cemeteries bear mute testimony to the lack of physicians in the county, and lack of prompt medical aid because of the great distances necessary to be traveled over prairies and along Indian trails by the few physicians who were here. The members of the Abiel Fellows chapter who have been copying the inscriptions for the vital records are appalled at the number of families whose little children and young mothers were sacrificed in laying the foundation of the civic life in St. Joseph county.

Fawn River was made famous through the life of Captain (afterwards Colonel) Isaac D. Toll, the hero of Cherubusco. He was a descendant of a line of famous fighters. A brief sketch of his life is given in the chapter on St. Joseph's Roll of Honor.

In Fawn River was located one of the pioneer "paper villages" the village of Freedom, on the historic Chicago road. Its one building was the commidious tavern built by the proprietor of Freedom, F. A. Tisdel. Mr. Tisdel was the first postmaster. The tavern changed hands and the dream village did not materialize, though it was the site of many historic scenes. Here Capt. I. D. Toll drilled the recruits for service in the Mexican war. Here, too, occurred the murder of Fanning, a deputy sheriff. And here, in later years, the counterfeiters were captured and their lands confiscated by the county to become the "poor farm" for St. Joseph County.

It is claimed that the first marriage in the township of actual residents was that of John W. Fletcher and Sarah Knox; ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

PAGE 112

the ceremony was performed by Samuel Stewart, Esq., September 1831. If this couple was not entertained "a la charivari" then they were undoubtedly the only ones who escaped the amateur orchestra of horse-fiddles, cowbells, and the inconceivable racket produced through use of the millgudgeon, with which the rollicking woodsmen always entertained the newlyweds.

Sherman

On November 5th, 1829, the township of Sherman was organized and received its name from Col. Benjamin Sherman. It then included Sherman, Sturgis, Fawn River, Burr Oak, Nottawa and Colon. Gradually other townships were formed from it. In 1838 Burr Oak was set off, Sturgis in 1845. It is a township of many lakes: Chapin lake, named for David Chapin, an early settler; Crossman lake; Thompson's lake for Elijah Thompson; the other lakes are Johnson, Fish, Crotch and Middle lakes.

The first white settler was Thomas Cade, a native of England. He had the most pretentious log cabin in the county. With impressive manner befitting so great an espense, it was whispered: "That cabin cost just one hundred dollars in gold". A most extravagant outlay.

Other settlers in Sherman included David Petty, Andrew and Benjamin Perrin, Adonijah Foot, David Chapin, Mrs. John Gifford and a long list of others.

In later years, Sherman was one of the first townships to cultivate mint. It was introduced in Sherman township, in 1846, by Eric Jones who claimed to have built the first mint distillery in the county. Florence and Nottawa townships likewise lay claim to honors in the development of the mint industry. Mint is as native to St. Joseph county as the Indians or mound builders.

Though an old Greek myth informs us that the goddess Persephone, in a fit of jealous rage, turned her beautiful rival, the nymph Mintha, into the fragrant herb which we call "mint ", an equally interesting Indian myth concerns the origin of the plant and tells us that the Indians' fiery "fever god" was controlled through enchantment by a Pottawatomie Indian princess in whose foot prints there grew a plant whose crushed leaves exorcised the evil power of the fever god.

Botanists claim that along the much trodden paths of immigration there are always found immigrant plants: plaintain, called by the sharp eyed Indians "Englishman's foot," mullein, nettle, henbane, wormwood, and many others-all English immigrants.

In 1890 at least one fifth of the world's supply of mint came from St. Joseph county, and the industry has steadily
SETTLEMENTS

PAGE 113

developed. The Indians and earliest settlers placed among their prized medicinal herbs: spearmint, peppermint, pennyroyal, lemon scented bergamot, lavender while almost all of the mint family were held important for household use - especially peppermint for then, as now, peppermint "made into oyle of peppermint is useful to annoynt for vanityes of the head in cases of colds with fever."

The Pioneer and Hisorical collections for 1891 contain an article by the late Calvin Starr of Centerville, in which he states: "The cultivaton of peppermint was commenced in 1836 by M. Sawyer on White Pigeon Prairie. In 1837, before he had extracted any oil, he sold out to Clover and Earl. The process of obtaining the oil was steeping the herb in a kettle."

Frank Royce of Florence tells of his father's invention of a steam process, the first used in the county, to obtain the oil. Nearly every pioneer family raised its own mint, stories about which are related by the Majors, Royces, Fletchers, Franciscoes, Ortons and many other families. For years the cultivation and the distillation were handled mostly by Henry Hall and H. D. Cushman of Three Rivers, George Keech of Centerville, A. M. Todd of Nottawa and A. P. Emory of Mendon.

About 1880, A. M. Todd, of Nottawa, introduced the cultivation of English mint in St. Joseph county and so successful had been his work that he won the sobriquet of the "Peppermint King". Albert May Todd was born in the Todd homestead in Nottawa township in 1850, and is the son of Alfred and Mary Ann (Hovey) Todd, pioneers of St. Joseph county. Mr. Todd was graduated from the Sturgis high school and later attended Northwestern University. He married Augusta M. Allman of Sturgis in 1878. In 1894, Mr. Todd was Prohibition nominee for governor, and in 1897 was elected to congress from St. Joseph county.

Mr. Todd moved to Kalamazoo and in his residence there has won distinction as a collector of art treasures. By his generous loans and gifts of painting, porcelains, etc. to public institutions of Kalamazoo, he has become one of that city's most philanthropic citizens. "Who's Who in America", 1931, gives the additional information that Mr. Todd is a writer on the theme of municipal ownership, and "as president of the A. M. Todd company, is at present engaged in growing aromatic and medicinal plants and extracting their essential oils and alkaloids."

The reminiscences of an early physician prove that the pioneers grew medicinal plants and extracted their essential oils and juices. The roots of the lady - slipper became a decoction used as a nervine; the innerbark of the yellow and
ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

PAGE 114

white oak was used in place of quinine; extract of butternut bark was substituted for calomel. The early physician, far from druggist supplies, was compelled to use substitutes when the "sickly seasons" emptied his medicine chest of all remedies except the native herbs that grew profusely in St. Joseph county. Ague was the bane of health, not only in Sherman but all others townships.

To read the old letters written by the early settlers concerning their common foe "fever'n chill" is to have a higher regard for the lowly mint and the Indians who introduced it to the settlers. In all the letters of the settlers, the ague held a prominent place. "Fever an Ague" were not mentioned with any flippancy by the immigrants. It was their first step towards citizenship in Michigan. "Shivers that came faster and faster and grew colder and colder as their icy undulations coursed down their spine. After an hour in the frigid zone where the life was all but shaken out of you gradually increased with heat until you reached the torrid zone. Then suddenly it was gone for the day. When the Indians had it, it shook all the 'whoop' out of them. The ague of today is but a dull, tamed and uninterestingly domesticated variety in comparison. Gone are the grand old times."

Not only was mint and other herbs introduced by the Indians but suitable material for wearing apparel and food easily obtained by the early settlers. A chapter on the beginning of the white man's civilization in St. Joseph county would not be just if it did not acknowledge his indebtedness to the red man's contributions. From the Indians the white man learned the secret of tanning. The Indians were superior tanners. They used the "brain and smoke" process. "The cellular envelope of animals brains was dissolved in warm water, the hide was cleaned and then washed in the solution until thoroughly saturated then it was hung up in dense smoke. The buckskin so treated was scoured with stone and when found to be soft was ready to be made into any kind of apparel. the Indian-tanned-buckskin was best adapted for use in pioneer life.

Florence

Florence township was organized in 1827 at the home of Giles Thompson. Its first settlers included David Crawford who came in 1829. Other of the earliest settlers were: Alvin Calhoun, Jeremiah Lawrence, Norman Roys, John Howard, Elisha Dimick, George Pashby, John Hagerman, John Peek, John Hull, the Rowens, Grays, Yauneys and others.

"Rolling up" a cabin was a difficult process, for it was set in a trench to the depth of two or three feet and stood solidly, a shelter from the forest foes. Upright around
SETTLEMENTS

PAGE 115

the trench was a closely placed row of logs all of the same length, usually fourteen feet, for a single story, or eighteen if there was to be a loft. The earth was filled in solidly which kept the logs firmly upright. A horizontal band of puncheons, split logs smoothed by the face of an axe, was pinned around within the walls to keep them from caving in. Over this the bark roof, a bark shutter over the window opening, and a bark door hung on with hinges. A luxury added later was the puncheon floor. The settler's wife usually saw to it that the cabin was rolled up around a good flat stump for a table. The bedstead was a platform along one side of the wall or in one corner a heap of hemlock boughs.

One of the interesting features of the old doors was the latch strings hanging outside by which the doors could be opened; by pulling in the string the door was securely locked.

As immigration increased, the security of the cabin built of hewn logs was in greatest favor, especially for those living near the reservations from which came the Indians, drunk or in raiding bands.

After the establishment of saw mills, the plank houses replaced the log cabins in popular favor - their rough surfaces were "most tastefully covered with newspapers which had been carefully saved for the purpose."

Concerning the preparation of food and drink - families hoarded their treasured receipts. Some special method; the secret of some special flavor was handed down from mother to daughter - great amounts of spices were used in the forties and as there was no preservation by ice, perhaps the spices and perfumes were quite necessary. The wild roses and other fragrant flowers of grandmother's day were gathered, not only for their loveliness but to add their fragrance to the "bloom" of the bounce and cordial.

"Housewives pickled fennel and purple cabbage, barberries, elder-buds and many kinds of fish. Their meat was salted and soused, powdered and pickled, and most families owned a smokehouse in which beef, ham and bacon were smoked. November was the "killing month. Sausages, rolliches, headcheese, lard tried and tallow saved, skins dressed and fur garments fashioned." In the fall also the bee hunter cut the bee trees. The honey and maple sugar sweetended the cup which cheers, though "the cup" was brewed from raspberry leaves, golden rod, sage or other plants, and coffee made of parched rye dried in molasses.

Dried corn, stewed pumpkins, pumpkin bread, peas, spuashes, beans, parsnips, huckleberries, wild strawberries, wild crabapples were gathered. The making of the autumn's crop of apples into dried apples - their slices strung on long
ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

PAGE 116

linen threads and hung from the attic rafters; the huge copper kettles boiling down apple butter preceded by the apple parings. "A cheerful kitchen with an array of empty pans, tubs and baskets; sharp knives and heaped up barrels of apples. A circle of laughing faces above skillful hands. The next day the stout crane in the open fireplace on which hung the brass kettles - sour apples in the bottom since they required more time; quinces added for flavor, molasses for sweeting."

Miss Ruth Hoppin wrote of the vegetables and fruits: "The fruit was picked from the field and swamp - strawberries, huckleberries and cranberries. Gardens and fields were luxuriant; melons were brought in by the bushel basket, and after the corn was cut in the fall there was a great display of the golden pumpkins. That almost forgotten fruit was made into pies, stewed for sauce, was dried and made into pumpkin butter, and a toothsome corn bread known as pumpkin Johnny cake."

The Indians gave the white settler the simple, original method of curing meat over coals. When sprinkled with salt and placed in layers it kept for a long time; or covered with tallow, the preservation extended indefinitely. "Dried venison, deer's tallow suspended in 'cases' and festooned in the smoke of the lodge high up near its funnel mouth", "Corn, tobacco, beans, were Indian gifts, these and succotash were the Indians' contribution to cookery. They sustained many a pioneer during the hardships of the thirties.

                                 
             Census of 1850, St. Joseph County, Michigan
                Florence Township, Vol. 9, pp. 620-637.
             Note: The original spelling has been followed.

                        Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

783/Robert Melburn/35/England/620
        Pleasant/26/England
784/William Melburn/70/England
        Mary/70/England
        Richard/40/England
785/John Cotton/36/England
       Jenny/32/England
786/Benjamin Whitaker/37/Penn.
        Sophronia/31/Penn.
       Margaret Barclay/22/Penn.
787/Amos Gale/37Penn.
       Mary/37/Penn.


                               SETTLEMENTS

PAGE 117

                      Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

788/Nathan Kain/40/New York
       Lucy/34/New Hampshire
       Susan/30/New York
789/Aaron Blue/53/Penn.
       Anna/49/Penn.
790/William Laird/58/Penn./621
       Anna/56/Penn.
        John Bellair/40/England
791/George Dicenson
         (Dickison?)/37/England
        Sarah/28/England
        Mary A. Bowen/18/England
        Sammie Everson/30/England
792/William Dicenson/42/England   
        Ann/39/England
793/Richard Wade/57/England
       Ekanor/56/England
794/Ostin S. Rawly/30/New York
       Ellener/24/England
795/George Johnson/42/England
       Harriett/41/England
796/Richard M. Johnson/65/England
        Georgia/33/England
797/Henery Seavian/24/Penn.
        Ann/19/England/622
798/Samuel Hatcher/46/England
       Martha/44/England
799/Thomas Fountain 30/England
        Mary Tasker/40/England
800/William Thompson/40/England/622
         Elisabeth/41/England
801/William Breden/43/England
        Mary/47/England
        Ellen Burnam/21/England
        John Underwood/29/England
        Robert Richardson/30/England
802/Charles R. Holmes/29/New York
        Mary/33/England
        James/23/England
        William H. Ray/28/Unknown


                          ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

PAGE 118

                       Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

803/Thomas Bradly/40/England
        Sarah/31/England
        Joseph Thompson/16/England
804/George Ross/52/England
       Elisabeth/51/England
805/John Jackson/60/England
       Milcah/63/England
       George Jackson/30/England
806/John Struble/28/Penn./623
        Ruth/23/......
807/William Barnard/64/England
        Elisa/52/England
        Elisabeth Hablet/18/Canada
808/Samuel S. Hart/52/New York
       Nancy/51/New York
809/John Putman/27/New York
       Caroline/27/New York
       John/79/Mass.
810/Joseph Gaston/59/England
       Sarah/60/England
       William Masterman/29/Michigan
811/Richard Gaston/54/England
       Margaret/42/England
812/William Garnet/59/England
        Rebecca/49/England
813/Oliver Arnold/33/New York
        Jane/25/New York
814/Inman Arnold/59/New York/624
        Narcissa/58/New York
815/John Masterman/35/England/624
       Alice/30/England
816/Samuel A. Thompson/26/Ohio
        Mary J./22/New York
817/John Greensides/35/England
       Elisabeth/38/England
818/Hinman Bidwell/53/New York
        Lydia/53/New York
        Lydia Wilett/79/New York
819/John Tennison/23/England
        Loreta/24/Ohio

                                
                               SETTLEMENTS
PAGE 119

                       Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

820/Giles Tompson/58/Conn.
821/William Wade/60/England
        Hannah/59/England
        Joseph Gorton/30/England
        Geroge Peacock/50/England
822/John Hull/34/New York
        Mary A./33/New Hampshire
        Henery Wills/18/New York
823/George Pushby (Pashby)/37/England/625
        Jane/40/England
824/Hiram G. Tompson/32/Cannida
825/Stephen Wilett/50/New York
        Sarah/43/New York
        George Ferndale/25/Virginia
        Laura/32/England
826/Robert Pushby (Pashby)/37/England
        Hannah/28/England
827/Debra Patterson/60/Vermont
        Christianna Hull/30/New York
828/Zera Benjamin/45/New York
        Anna/45/New York
        Altemus Porter/23/New York
        Lenora/22/New York
829/James Blair/27/New York
        Mariah/24/Ohio/626
830/John Rumford/55/New Hampshire
       Patty/47/New York
831/John Shepard/32/New York
       Mary A. /29/New York
832/Hiram Hart/23/New York/626
        Caroline/19/Nova Scotia
833/Jacob Micles/30/New Jersey
        Mercy/32/New York
834/Henery Van Buren/48/New York
        Hannah/38/New York
        John Warrick/16/Germany
835/Jacob Shover/36/Germany
        Elisabeth/45/New York
836/Gardner Pitts/56/New York
        Mariah/53/New York


                           ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

PAGE 120

                        Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

837/Liberty B. More/58/Mass.
        Malinda/53/New York
838/Horace More/31/New York
        Philena/25/New York
839/Gardner W. Pitts/28/New York
       Marietta/21/Mass.
840/Warren Warden/57/Rhode Island
        Betsy/56/New Hampshire
841/John Graham/49/Ireland/627
       Mary/35/Penn.
842/Hiram R. Pitts/32/New York
        Elisa/31/Vermont
843/Jacob G. Grey/35/New York
       Martha/17/Unknown
844/Ephram M. Adams/39/New York
        Rachel/32/New Jersey
845/Abel White/34/Penn.
       Ester/32/Penn.
846/John Adam/33/New York
       Mary/31/New Jersey
847/Isaac Mills/56/New Jersey
848/Hiram Benjamin/27/New York
       Charity/27/New York
849/James P. Haynes/44/New York
        Nancy/34/New York
850/James B. Haynes/ /New York
       Harriett/27/New York/628
851/Summer Steers/36/England/628
  Transcriber's Note: two following entries out of order in the book.
853/Abrum Calhoun/48/New York
       Louise/30/Maine
       Cyntha/21/New York
       Edwin Cromel/32/New York
       Oliver Garrison/22/New York
852/Ephriam Holenbeck/35/New York
        Mary/34/New York
854/David Cole/46/Penn.
       Mary/36/New York


                                 SETTLEMENTS

PAGE 121

                       Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

855/Daniel Wilson/40/New York
       Mary A./38/Ohio
       William Hull/27/New York
856/Betsy (Hull?)/27/England
857/Gilbert Simson/25/New York/629
       Mary A. /22/New York
858/Daniel Sparks/39/Mass.
       Lucretia/38/New York
859/Ralph Stone/32/Mass.
        Olive/30/New York
        Walcott Lawrence/18/Michigan
860/James Woods/29/New York
       Rosanna/45/New York
       Asabel Williamson/25/Michigan
861/William Scobie/60/Scotland
        Elisabeth/49/England
862/Samuel Cates/50/England
       Ann/40/England
863/Caleb Mosier/52/New York
        Abigal/40/Conn
864/Archibald Ormst/37/Germany
       Jane/27/Penn
865/Thomas Steers/70/England
        Elisabeth/63/England
866/Mary Wade/40/England/630
867/Ira Parish/31/New York
        Catherine J. /27/New York
868/Aquilla Parish/56/Maryland
        Eunis/58/Rhode Island
        Joel Scofield/26/New York
869/Joseph Anderson/31/Penn./630
       Eveline/27/Penn
870/John E. G. Hathaway/36/Vermont
        Julia A. /33/Mass.
871/Albert H. Strong/37/Conn.
        Ann/33/New York
872/Nathaiel Craig/36/New Jersey
        Nancy G. /34/New York
873/Mariah P. Reed/38/New York


                          ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN

PAGE 122

                       Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

874/Morgan Ketcham/45/New York
       Laura/38/New York
875/Noah R. Hagerman/22/New York/631
        Rebeca/19/Vermont
876/John Hagerman/29/New York
        Susanna/22/Virginia
877/Michael Hubler/61/Penn.
       Mary/53/Penn.
878/Joseph Sweezy/45/New Jersey
       Christiana/36/New York
       George Silver/30/England
       John Hagerman/67/New York
879/Horace (Hagerman?)/28/New York
       Elisa/17/Mass.
880/William Mosier/42/Penn.
        Rachel/37/Penn.
        Willis Pence/27/Penn.
881/William Hagerman/34/New York
        Lucy A./32/Ohio
       Fanny Hagerman/61/New York
882/M. W. Demick/56/New Jersey
        Parthenia/27/Mass.
        Polly Demick/56/New Jersey
        Mary J. Demick/73/New Jersey
        M. MacDonald/23/Virginia
883/John Peck/58/New York/632
        Justic Miller/25/Penn.
        Mary A. Garrison/19/New York
884/John Howard/68/Conn.
       Patty M./65/Conn.
885/Julian (Howard?)/35/Conn.
       Elisa J. (Howard?)/27/New York
       Ephraim Thomas/22/New York
       Hannah Hassenger/17/Ohio
886/O. F. Howard/38/Conn.
       Cornelia/30/New York
       Henery Richards/23/New York
887/John Demick/34/New York/632
       Lydia/23/Mass.


                              SETTLEMENTS  
PAGE 123

                      Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

888/Jacob Clute/40/New York
        Cornelia C./36/New York
        Cornelia Gurnson/78/New York
889/Alexander Ely/34/New York
        Elisa/26/New York
890/Nathan Barlow/25/New York
       Sally/25/New York
891/Waldo Smith/50/Conn.
        Jenny/40/Conn.
892/Hiram Adams/24/New York
        Elizabeth/17/New York
893/Marshall Craw/45/Conn.
       Eunis/48/New York
       Orland Mack/22/New York
       Catherine Murth/20/Ohio
894/Norman Roice (Roys)/44/Mass.
        Caroline/29/New York
895/George L. Roice/40/Mass.
        Elisabeth/30/New York
        Daniel Swarts/23/Penn.
896/Robert Crawford/34/Ohio
        Genett/27/New York
897/Allen Tenyson/28/England
        Mariah/28/England
898/Altha Lawrence/45/New York
       Harris Tennyson/25/Michigan
899/Ashby Wetherby/26/New York/634
       Elisabeth/20/New York
900/William Ishay (or Isbray?)/28/Conn./634
         Betsy/23/New York
901/Thomas M. Woods/32/Penn.
        Peter B. Philips/27/Maine
        Elizabeth/27/Penn.
902/Lyman Blair/52/Maine
        William McKey/14/Michigan
        Nancy/50/Maine
        Aurilla Lyon/24/Maine
903/Amasser Danniels/60/Conn.
        Sophia A. /46/Conn.
**out of order**
905/Susana Halmington/50/Penn./634


                          ST. JOSEPH IN HOMESPUN                                                                            

PAGE 124

                       Name/Age/Place of Birth/Page

905/John S. (Halmington?)/31Penn. /635
       Sarah M. (Halmington?)/26/Conn.
906/Lemuel Hammond/42/Conn.
       Lydia/39/New York
       Wallace Moshier/18/unknown
907/Jane Zurony/48/New York
        James/21/New York
908/Henery Pawnsy (Yauney?)/28/New York
        Adeline/24/New York
909/William Freeland/60/Mass.
        Charlotte/38/New York
910/Josseph Jewit/47/Mass.
       Mary A. /40/New York
      Edward DeBoyse/35/New York
911/Eara Blogget/77/Conn.
       Cyntha/62/Vermont
       Mary A. Becker/20/Conn.
912/William Hogan/24/Mass.
        Mary/19/Delaware
913/John H. Keller/57/New York
       Margaret/53/New York
914/George J. Grey/54/New York/636
        Nancy/55/New York
915/Lewis McDowell/37/New York
        Harriett/34/Mass
        Orson Dane/20/New York
916/Jules Ronns/30/Michigan
        Polly Rhodes/26/Vermont
917/John Dicker/50/New York
       Catherine/44/New York
918/Almond White/45/New York
        Elsy/38/Penn
919/George Clark/56/Penn
        Barbary/44/Penn
920/Robert Wethrington/29/New York
       Margaret/29/Penn
921/Robert McKinly/47/Scotland/637
       Catherine/39/Scotland
       Maddison Stumel/21/New York
922/John Major/40/New York
       Jane/38/New York
SETTLEMENTS

PAGE 125

Mendon

Old Puddleburg, rising in civic dignity, chose in 1845 to be known as Mendon. It was platted by Leander Metha, its first settler, who built a house on the present plat in 1834. In 1844 Brownshon and Doan dammed the Little Portage and established a saw mill.

The township of Mendon at first included parts of Leonidas and Park. Many of its early settlers have been mentioned in preceding chapters. Other pioneers include the names of Peter Neddeaux, Moses Taft, Wm. Harrington, Abram H. Voorhees, A. W. Maring, James S. Barnabee, Stephen Barnabee, Fordyce Johnson, Samuel E. Johnson, Rowell, Elisha Foote, the Wakemans, Benjamin P. House, N. Chapman, B. B. Bacon, Ephrain Atkinson, James Van Buren, Ira Pellett, Joseph Woodward, Abner Moore, Harvey White, Ezra Brown, Timothy Kimball, Samuel T. Larkin, the Yaples.

The first settlers were Frenchmen and the French influence was dominant for years. Adams Wakeman, after the custom of the times, built a frame house and named it "Queen of the Prairie." The first schoolhouse in the township was built in 1837 and was taught by Wealthy Hunt. In a corner of a field near Bennett's bridge is a rugged weather beaten stone which marks the burial place of the first teacher on the Indian reservation. His name, so far, has not been ascertained.

The first hotel was built by Lewis Lyman.

The Michigan Pioneer collections furnish many stories concerning the early settlers of Mendon township among the most interesting are those compiled by Mrs. Alexander Custard and published in volume 38. The Pioneer Collections may be found in any public library in Michigan.

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